To Create an Abstract Conlang
I have been looking into research on how to construct a conlang (constructed language), in order to construct to attempt to construct one using abstract concepts to describe concrete objects.
A conlang is a fairly interesting idea/hobby, if you are interested in creating your own conlang, I found these links helpful: Zompist, COE, and Andrew Moore (dead). Note: if you do want to create conlang, knowing an additional language is extremely helpful.
Moving on, what do I mean by creating a language starting from the abstract? Zogg from Betelgeuse thoroughly answers that question. However if you prefer reading, then here is my version of what an abstract-concrete language would look like. Imagine our own language, English, it describes much of what we know and do by using objects. It describes complex ideas and concepts using concrete objects, but not in the reverse order. When we describe guilt, we describe it as a pit in the stomach, or a burden upon ones shoulders. We do not describe guilt using abstract concepts, like numbers, mathematics, and so on. We can use numbers to describe the properties of certain shapes/objects. But we cannot use mathematics to describe other abstract concepts like emotions.
Now for language, language is a complex thing, it all starts with phonology (the sounds used in any particular language), and then nuances added to the phonology like pitch, tone, and stress. Then grammar (the set of rules for a particular language) and finally the actual creation of the words. I would like to note that this is a very simple description of the steps it takes to create a language; in reality it takes weeks to procure the right sounds, shapes and rules that make a conlang your own. And again I would refer you to the three links above for further instruction on language, as I am not fluent in creating conlangs at all.
Finally, the fun part, constructing/finding a language based upon the abstract. I cannot use sounds like other conlangs, as this would be using physical air to describe things around me. I cannot use symbols or shapes on paper, as again these are based on concrete objects. I cannot use anything sensory whatsoever, I essentially must avoid everything from the school of empiricism, absolutely everything, as anything from empiricism relies on concrete things. Similarly I cannot rely on rationalism either as this depends on empiricisms and vice versa. Therefore, for my mind it is impossible to create an abstract-concrete language. However, when looking at the language which computers speak, binary. It is clear that this language develops from the abstract to the concrete, however to relies on hardware to function. Although it is a language that relies on abstract concepts, that nearly describes everything. It does not however describe emotions, as I had said earlier, for a language to describe emotions with abstract concepts is nearly impossible. DNA however, the ATCG language, may describe those complex things.
DNA is a code that uses four nitrogenous bases to construct millions of things, we are even beginning to think that this code constructs emotions too. But, unfortunately, it is still not an abstract-concrete language as it uses concrete nitrogenous bases to describe more complex abstract and concrete things. Like our languages DNA is concrete-abstract and not vice versa, perhaps that is how it should be, although of all this, I am still unsure.