Talons Philosophy

An Open Online Highschool Philosophy Course


Late Epistemology and Synthesis Posts -Scott.K


Reading Post

History of Knowledge (korean documentary)

Since the school database did not have the readings I was looking for, I Googled my question and found a documentary handling the history of knowledge. It was about the knowledge that mankind of many different cultures/nations have been developing which was interesting enough for a history nut like myself. According to the documentary, knowledge existed as very first mankind used tools. Each civilizations developed similar but different knowledge and unique cultures based on the knowledge that they have discovered. Many of the knowledge were developed as people tried to adapt to their unique environment (desert, cold, climate, wild lives etc) which is an example of knowledge that comes from outside. However knowledge doesn’t only come from outside ad it is proven by famous philosophers and scholars who develop completely new theories and discoveries which they could not have gained outside but from inside.

Discussion Blog Post

Dominic: My first epistemology discussion was with Dominic. I asked him whether he thinks the knowledge comes from inside or out he answered it comes from both sides 50 : 50. According to Dom all knowledge comes from outside but it depends on us to perceive them as knowledge or not. I agree with Dominic except that I think experience/outer effects take larger portion in making knowledge. Knowledge is not a knowledge until a person perceives it as knowledge.

Alejandro & Brian: With Alejandro and Brian we tried to draw borders to knowledge and find out to what point we can call it a knowledge. Alejandro and Brian both seemed like they agreed to the idea that it is not knowledge if the information not factual. Personally, I strongly disagree with them because I think false knowledge is still a knowledge. To me, every information that comes into ones mind whether it’s factual or a false belief is still knowledge even if that it may be wrong.

Active Learning Blog Post

During my phil’s day off, I tried to do two experiments that could help me answer my epistemology question ‘Does knowledge come from outside or inside?’ The purpose of the experiment was to find out where the knowledge comes from and to do that, I tried to block every information (sight, taste feeling sounds smell etc) and see if I still can receive/learn any sort of information soley by myself. In the second experiment I tried the opposite and tried not to think but only depend on my senses to perceive knowledge. The result, as one might have felt it already, it is almost impossible to shut down one side completely, but I am still almost certain that knowledge comes mostly from outside since I still received some sort of information from the second experiment while non from the first.

Epistemology Synthesis

Initial Question: Does knowledge come from outside or inside?

Reading: Not exactly a reading but watched a documentary “History of Knowledge”. It was a documentary about the first knowledge of mankind and it’s development through various civilization over thousands of years of history until today. It relates to my epistemology question in a way because civilizations have been developing knowledge and culyure due to their unique geography, location or climate. These are all examples of knowledge that comes from outside. It also mentioned many famous philosophers including Plato and Aristotle who developed philosophy by using inner creativity.

Discussions: I had discussions with Dominic, Alejandro, and Brian. With Dom, we discussed about my epistemology question does knowledge come from inside or outside? Dom said that it is exactly half-half since all information comes from outside but has to be perceived by someone in order to be knowledge. I agreed with Dom except that I think knowledge comes more from outside than inside as it is almost impossible to learn something without gaining experiences from outside. With Alejandro and Brian we talked whether knowledge is knowledge if it is false. Both Alejandro and Brian said that it is not knowledge if the information is not faxtual. I disagreed because I believe that false knowledge exists even if it is not factual and only a belief.

Active Learning: During the Phils day off weekend I tried two experiments in order to find out whether the knowledge comes from inside or outside. For the first experiment I tried to completely shut down every outer experiences/senses and see if I can still gain any sort of knowledge. For the second experiment, I tried the opposite trying to only receive outer effects and not perceive about them. It was simple but difficult experiment, but I came to a conclusion that it is impossible to gain knowledge without using both inner and outer side


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