Abortion: A logical Argument
One of the most heavily debated topics in today’s world is laws around abortion, and whether it should be legal or not. First of all, an abortion is the deliberate termination of a human pregnancy. There are many arguments for both pro-life(advocating against abortion) and pro-choice(advocating for women to have the choice whether or not she wants to have an abortion). However, being pro-choice myself, I will be sharing a logical argument that agrees with this perspective.
Premise 1: A ‘life’ exists biologically independent from its mother.
Premise 2: A pregnant mother exists independent from its parent.
Conclusion: Therefore, the need to protect the life of the mother who is independent and a contributing member of society, is greater than the need to protect the unborn child.
Premise 1: Everyone agrees that an adult has the right to life as they are fully independent, however there is a lot of debate around when a human life starts in the womb. Looking at this from a scientific perspective, a baby’s organs are only fully formed at 24 weeks, and in Canada the cut off date for abortions is 20 weeks. Since you would only be able to get an abortion before the baby is even fully developed, you would not be ‘murdering’ a life. Looking at it from this perspective, this premise true.
Premise 2: A pregnant mother is independent from her parents in the sense that she can breath, eat, work and live in society without their help. Perhaps she will look to them for support with money, maybe the occasional meal, however it is safe to say that this premise is true.
Conclusion: As both of my premises can be argued as true and valid, the argument is sound.
As I mentioned before, abortion is a very controversial topic. I am pro-choice because I believe every women should have the right to make the decision on what she does with her body, and what is best for her child. Having an abortion itself is a huge decision that causes a lot of stress and emotional tension. If a women becomes pregnant, in no matter what the situation, it is her right to decide for herself if she wants an abortion and she should not be condemned for it.
I think everyones stance on abortion reflects their individual values, however I also think your upbringing, culture, and religion play a role in your perspective. That’s why people’s opinions vary so much, are there is a large amount of debate around the topic. When creating this logical argument, I tried to take the more objective route by focussing just on the actual life itself, but even then, framing the argument this way implies I don’t believe that the fetus is a real life which differs from the opinion of a pro-life’s.