Talons Philosophy

An Open Online Highschool Philosophy Course


Moon Landing Hoax?


“That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.” -Neil Armstrong


As we all know, Neil Armstrong supposedly stepped foot on the surface of the moon for the very first time on July 20, 1969. Many believe it, others may not. Some would say that the U.S government were so desperate to beat the Russians to space, that they faked the landing. There are many theories that people have conjured up surrounding the whole possible hoax, I found a few very interesting ones that are maybe worth the read:


I will be focusing on one particular theory:

  1. Premise #1: Wind makes a flag move
  2. Premise #2: There is no air in the atmosphere on the moon
  3. Conclusion: The American Flag was never on the moon

Evaluating for factual correctness, validity, and soundness:

  • Premise #1:

What is wind? Definition #1: “the perceptible natural movement of the air, especially in the form of a current of air blowing from a particular direction.” Definition #2: “Wind is moving air and is caused by differences in air pressure within our atmosphere.” Air under high pressure moves toward areas of low pressure. The greater the difference in pressure, the faster the air flows.”

Movement: “an act of changing physical location or position or of having this changed”

A flag is very similar to a sail on a boat and is quite comparable. Wind makes the sails on a boat move, so wind would also make a regular flag move. (“The air interacting with the sails of a sailing vessel creates various forces, including reaction forces. If the sails are properly oriented with respect to the wind, then the net force on the sails will move the vessel forward.“)

Image result for sail

Extra information to support:



This premise is factually correct, when wind blows against a flag, it will move.

  • Premise #2:

As we all know, there is no air on the moon. Here’s a scientific explanation that I found difficult to put in my own words: “The atmosphere of the Moon is a very presence of gases surrounding the Moon. For most practical purposes, the Moon is considered to be surrounded by vacuum. The elevated presence of atomic and molecular particles in its vicinity compared to interplanetary medium, referred to as “lunar atmosphere” for scientific objectives, is negligible in comparison with the gaseous envelopes surrounding Earth and most planets of the Solar System—less than one hundred trillionth (10−14) of Earth’s atmospheric density at sea level. Otherwise, the Moon is considered not to have an atmosphere because it cannot absorb measurable quantities of radiation, does not appear layered or self-circulating, and requires constant replenishment due to the high rate at which its gases are lost to space.” –https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atmosphere_of_the_Moon

Image result for moon

This premise is also factually correct.

  • Conclusion:

In conclusion, this argument is factually correct because all of its premises are true, valid because the conclusion follows from its premises and sound because the argument is both factually correct and valid.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *