Talons Philosophy

An Open Online Highschool Philosophy Course


Philosophy is like…

Philosophy was the epitome of a confusing class. Although I didn’t participate in discussions and speak up about my personal opinions, our class was really diverse in terms of perspective. It was interesting listening to the debates and people becoming genuinely passionate about what they were talking about. We are all in the same class, the same age, and going to the same school, yet we are completely different with what we’re thinking about.


To put philosophy to comparison, I think that philosophy is like a tree. Trees need seeds in order to grow, without a seed there’s no tree. We need core ideas and morals in order to grow, without an opinion there’s no mindset. Due to experience and emotion, we are shaped into the person we are today. The experience is like the water and sunshine the tree needs in order to develop and become the form they are today. It’s become pretty clear that there’s no right or wrong in philosophy. You decide whether or not you think a certain argument is valid, whether you believe in what a philosopher is talking about, and most importantly just to stand your ground in where your mind’s at. I think my mind has expanded a lot more thanks to this class, writing the blogposts has put me into a completely different mood where I continue to type out what my brain is spilling out. With the creativity and flexibility of this class, I was able to be taken off into a world where I would’ve never gone with any other class.

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Overtime, we are influenced and inspired. Our thoughts and perspectives changes along with our surroundings. Although, sometimes it is scary how the world around us seems to be moving so quickly and we’re not adjusting fast enough to it. That’s kinda like what senior year feels like. Trees that have grown in warm climates will differ from the ones that grew in cold, harsh environments. Environment plays a huge part in how we evolve and develop. We all have a different past and history, some have gone through more than others, some more wise than others. As we go through situations, we “branch” off into new outlooks and opinions, in all sorts of directions. Life isn’t one straight path, there’s always going to be dead ends and unexpected turns. Our brains already look like the roots of trees; realizations, happenings, experience, education, and memories. All of the roots absorbing of new concepts on the inside. With the expansion of our consciousness and fundamental understanding, we are able to embody realizations and new morals.

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Aesthetic Experience

Who has the right to name something as beautiful or not beautiful?

Definition: an aesthetic experience is based on the perspective that all experience is perception. the aesthetic quality of an experience is based on the amount of concentration involved in the experience. a piece of art or specific specimen may be the object of pleasure but never the source.

There’s beauty in everything. No matter who perceives it. Who believes it. Anything and everything has beauty.

What are Aesthetics for

I think that whatever pleasures your eye, is what’s aesthetic. There couldn’t be one pin point definition of aesthetic, as beauty can be perceived in so many different ways. To put it in a casual way; guys or girls that your friends may think are attractive, you may not find so at all. Isn’t it weird that we’re looking at the exact same person and but we’re getting a different perspective of them? Some find brown eyes adorable, some don’t. Some find tall girls appealing, some don’t. That’s just preference. Isn’t aesthetic just preference? After all…

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Schools of Thought

To put it into aesthetic perspective: I’ve came to the realization that nothing can be named, labelled, or dictionary defined as beautiful. Artwork is a frequent example – some find the most perfectly spaced out, organized, and well placed artwork beautiful. Probably because it’s in its proper form; use of the ‘right’ colours and balanced perfectly. Others however, could find the most bizarre pieces beautiful. Picasso for example, where he decides to use art as a way to express himself. Maybe his mind was always wandering because his masterpieces are not exactly proportioned. The people’s skin are green, the sky is pink, or facial features are mangled. But that’s creative, that’s unique, that’s what some find beautiful.

Even with talent; expressing yourself in the way that YOU want to may not necessarily be considered as talent. Maybe doing everything the way you’ve been told as right, perfectly, is what’s talent. To me, either or are both talent. There couldn’t be anything more admirable than someone who talks passionately about something they love or are proud of. In particular, I want my significant other to be passionate, motivated and inspiring. Not having goals, not having ambitions is boring. Who cares if your dream is insane or maybe even impossible? Walt Disney said that if you can dream it you can do it. I could listen to someone I genuinely care about talk for hours about whatever it is that they love. Doesn’t matter if they want to be 100% perfect with everything following the instructions of the book // or if they’re reaching out of their comfort zone and trying something new and different. Either way, the way their face lights up and end up apologizing for going on a tangent cause they got so carried away with the beauty of what they’re interested in.. that’s their aesthetic. Even if it’s not what I’m particularly interested in, I’d love to hear about what it is about this certain hobby/interest/job/dream that you are oh so passionate about.

During the break, I was researching about all the different careers I could go off into. I realized that what I find pleases me, my aesthetic, is what I’d want to make money off of. With all of us being grade 12 and only having a couple more months of high school left, I realized that everyone’s going to go off into something that they adore. How lucky are we that we have so much opportunity to make money off of something we’d love to do for free. We get to do something as a job, something that we love but we get a pay check with it. // As of right now, I’m interested in makeup. Everything from zombie makeup to prom, I find a lot of beauty in creativity. Being able to create your art on your face, to completely transform, to get a completely different view of yourself because of a few products.. that’s my aesthetic.

In conclusion, I think that aesthetic is all about how you perceive beauty and what your perspective is. Everything has beauty, it just depends on who sees it and who doesn’t. Just because your best friend sees something as perfect and you don’t, doesn’t mean that one of you is wrong. We all have 2 eyes and 1 brain – but we function in a million different ways that we could never compare. What’s pleasing to your eyes?





[Epistemology Midterm]

To understand, is a privilege. To be able to communicate, is a privilege. To process thoughts, to express feelings, to be able to feel, to have knowledge. Not all of us are able to fully comprehend what goes around us, but what constitutes sufficientproper justification for claiming to know something? The imperialist Aristotle and I have the same kind of idea in mind. Meaning that when I think of where knowledge came from, my head sways towards the idea of how it’s acquired through experience. “The importance of reason. Reason is the characteristic that distinguishes human beings.” -Introducing Epistemology Booklet

“Educating the mind without educating the heart is no education at all” -Aristotle

“The roots of of education are bitter, but the fruit is sweet.” -Aristotle

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[15 second description] : Knowledge is gained through experience. We are to suffer through consequences and feelings in order to truly understand & adapt. [+15 seconds = 30 seconds] : We don’t always need someone telling us what’s right and wrong – we can acquire through our senses. Knowledge doesn’t necessarily mean we need to be told, but we must feel  in order to acquire.

(I) What is knowledge? What is something you know about knowledge? <proposition>

  • if you google ‘what’s knowledge’ you get: facts, information, and skills acquired by a person through experience or education; the theoretical or practical understanding of a subject. What I know about knowledge, is that it’s information that gets stored into our mind no matter what our intention may be. Meaning whether you want to or not, whether you realize it or not, you will constantly be growing and learning.

(II) Where does it come from? How is it acquired? How do you know it? <syllogism>

  • No matter how hard we try, we will always be facing obstacles and hardships in our lives. It’s inevitable. Change, difficulties, consequences. They all come with the gift of life. If you’re here, living, just tryna get through life, you’re gonna face problems. Conflict helps with self growth and improvement. Desire & curiosity drives us towards information. Humans are hungry for information, we’re curious creatures. It’s a biological component.

(III) Can a personal example help relate this knowledge? <anecdote>

  • Everyone has their own life story. We’ve all had a time where we felt like we’ve been at the absolute lowest part of our life. Feeling as if nothing could possibly get better and we start to give up. But also, the same person who felt that way is here reading this. You got through whatever it was that was hurting you, you’re stronger now. To cope with pain, to overcome our problems, that’s what makes us grow stronger. Being someone who’s dealt with pretty heavy issues within family and school, I feel as though I’ve grown a lot faster than I wanted to.

P1: Sense of self is required in order to understand and comprehend.

P2: Experience is the door towards the world of knowledge.

Conclusion: Therefore, you will gain a sense of self through the exposure of experiences.

We’ll never be able to escape our thoughts. Our mind grows at a different pace than our age. Becoming older doesn’t necessarily mean that we develop along with that. Yeah our bodies adjust, we go through puberty, and multiple different changes. But some are more wise than others. I’m sure you’ve seen people your age being completely childish and it’s not an act. On the other hand, we have friends that seem to always know the right thing to say, that seem to have gone through everything, that are so wise. I have a friend like that, she gives me the best advice because she’s been through what I’m going through. She’s gone through my emotions and have stood in my shoes. As much as advice and support from friends are helpful, who would be more insightful? -someone who’s just imagining being in your place or someone who’s personally gone through it themselves? That’s what I mean when I say that knowledge is acquired through experience. To just imagine that they feel the same as you do, and someone who’s been in your exact position. They’ll have different things to say.

We all start in the same position. You don’t remember much of what happened in your childhood. If you’re wondering why, it’s not because we don’t retain information information when being young. As a toddler/kid, our brains were underdeveloped that we couldn’t “frame the memories with linguistic terms.” You didn’t have a sense of self, recognition of the self provided support towards making memories. As we grow, we become more self aware and we understand the world around us. Experience and feeling the feelings help us gain a further understanding about our environment and ourselves.

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You can’t escape knowledge. You’re going to learn no matter what happens. I’m sure senses are a part of learning and developing, but I believe experience is key.

Thought is the more active process of engaging in the manipulation of forms without any contact with external objects at all. Thus, thinking is potentially independent of the objects of thought, from which it abstracts the form alone. Even the imagination, according to Aristotle, involves the operation of the common sense without stimulation by the sensory organs of the body. Hence, although all knowledge must begin with information acquired through the senses, its results are achieved by rational means. Transcending the sensory preoccupation with particulars, the soul employs the formal methods of logic to cognize the relationships among abstract forms. (On the Soul III 4)

source ^ : http://www.philosophypages.com/hy/2p.htm



Phil’s Day Off // Do Spirits Have Consciousness?

Tying my topic together with Sam’s, I have a few questions about the aftermath of death. They say that the spirit leaves the body when your life has come to an end. Is the soul considered the same as the conscious? After a researching through a couple websites, there are some that state that “At death, it is not the body but the soul that is separated from the body.” The question that pops up into mind when I read that statement is… How would you go about proving that?

Reading, listening, and talking about various different opinions has really differed my thoughts while also making me really confused. If spirits really do come back from the dead, what does that mean? Do they have a conscious – is that your conscious coming back? Your initial answer might be no, because they are not a Being. So are they just a being? Or would they even be considered one of the two? They wouldn’t be able to feel anymore cause they don’t have a physical body in order to feel, but consciousness means to feel emotionally right? Can they feel emotions.. Or is that not a part of it anymore either?

An extremely powerful statement I saw on one of the websites was : It begins with a moment of detachment from the body, yet a continued consciousness. People who have gone through a near death experience say that they go through a tunnel of a life review. Meaning when the brain dies; it no longer needs the electrical, chemical, and oxygenation. Our conscious is such a strong power that we hold. Do you ever go to a certain location and it reminds you of a good or bad memory? Or how about a particular scent that has brought you back to a certain moment in your life? If we were to consider the association between spirits and consciousness, we are to think in the terms utilizing an energy that is against the principle of creating energy – meaning utilizing energy.

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Verification is unfortunately not an option for the information and descriptions for existence and/or the nature of the soul. We’ll never know if any of our research is correct, close to correct, or if it’s completely incorrect. Only spirits know the accurate, concrete, and verifiable information. Could you imagine if we could contact the dead? Communicating with what’s still unknown – we would have an overwhelming load of questions. Not only will we gain a whole new level of knowledge on something that we assume(d) would be a mystery forever, we will solve so many untold stories along with solving cases that was initially supposed to remain unknown.

I searched up what people considered the difference between spirit and consciousness was and here’s one from Joe Swiney: “Consciousness is the central point from which you as an individual experience your existence. Your body is the assembly or apparatus through which this experience is channeled to your consciousness. Spirit is a hypothetical body constructed from a thus far unverified substance that operated in parallel to your body and that can allegedly persist after the body has died.”

All in all, I’ve learned that some questions in the world.. we’ll never have the answer to. But as humans, we are curious and hungry for information – always wanting to know the next big thing, always wanting to discover. I found the topic of afterlife really intriguing because there is no right answer. It’s simply theoretical and completely based off your thoughts. With such a wide topic, we can go about it from different perspectives and expand our area of learning. We know the first 2 stages of death, but afterlife is unknown and will always be unknown. Or maybe it doesn’t even exist. We continue to explore for answers that will never be proven.



Discussion – Afterlife VS Consciousness

Throughout the weekend, I spent some time with Sam discussing our topics to one another. I explained the stages of death, how there is a clinical, a biological, and then an unknown. I was extremely curious to know what her ideas on what afterlife is. There is no right or wrong answer to afterlife, it is solely based on what you think it is. What influences us to think what we think? Especially about something that is completely unknown, 0 out of the 7 billion people we have on this Earth knows 100% what happens in the third stage of death. No one that we know of in existence can state a clear fact as to what happens, and everyone’s thoughts is an opinion, an idea, or a theory. To me, this is mind boggling. The possibilities and thoughts are endless. So to hear one of my closest friends’ thoughts on it was very intriguing.

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Sam did her metaphysics assignment on consciousness. This ties in with my topic because I explained how I wanted to know further into the whole idea behind what happens to the Being, the soul, and your conscious. Thanks to our consciousness, we are able to make decisions, to be aware of our surroundings, to feel feelings, to understand, to learn. Where does all that go after we are to leave our physical bodies. Do we still feel? There’s a part of us that tells us from right or wrong, as Sam mentioned in her post, the “mini you” could be taken as the “good” in you. We won’t always make the best decisions – in fact, we all have regrets, things we should’ve done, things that should’ve happened. We live and we learn. If our conscious was to be materialized into a human being outside of our body, we would be reminded physically to make the right choices and to do the best for ourselves. Maybe that’s what death is like. The good of you comes out of your body after your physical body has become dysfunctional and worn out.

Do you think that our souls leave our bodies as we become “invincible”? Nothing could hurt us anymore – we are just brought up to heaven or hell (if there even is one) and …. then what?





Main Question : Is there such thing as ‘afterlife’?

Isn’t it insane how we’re all here, existing, just trying to make it through this thing called ‘life’… but we are all to come to an end at some point? No matter how successful you are or how much you’ve failed, we all end up in the same position in the end. The thought of this absolutely blows my mind. It sometimes makes me wonder why we’ve been put here anyway. YOU are here, you’re reading this post, you’re breathing, you’re thinking, you’re processing thoughts, and you’re existing. What’s your purpose of being here? Something that keeps me up thinking is the thought of afterlife. What could it possibly feel like for us to feel like we’re never gonna wake up again? Where do we go, what happens to our souls?

Question 1 : What are the stages of death?

Question 2 : What does it feel like to die?

Question 3 : Would it ever be possible for scientists to figure out the mystery of afterlife?

Only one group really knows what happens when you die; the dead.

Answer #1: Death is a process just like life. The first phase is the “clinical death”: which is the first 4-6 minutes, where the heart stops pumping and the person stops breathing. Kidneys and eyes remain “alive” throughout but the human being is no longer able to feel feelings. The second phase is the biological death. Cells of the body start to degenerate. Organs and the brain shuts down, cooling the body below normal temperature. The next phase is unknown.

Answer #2: Obviously no one truly knows what it feels like be dead, but there are multiple different people who have experienced a near death accident. All of which comment as to how it feels as though they were floating outside of their bodies, moving rapidly through a tunnel toward light. Often seeing their loved and deceased ones.

Answer #3: This question remains unanswered. It’s a whole different universe that will forever remain a mystery.

“Human Immortality: Two Supposed Objects to the Doctrine” written by William James talked about how the brain might be the vehicle for the transmission of a consciousness that originates elsewhere, and that if this is true, then the death of your body and its brain is not the death of that stream of consciousness, which may well continue in that elsewhere.

I’d like to study further about the sciences behind the afterlife.. To take this to a related but different topic – what about spirits and possession? Are demonic powers actually in existence? Based on how many people have talked about their horror stories, it seems as though it could possibly exist.




Verification VS Falsification


Some elaborated points of verification and falsification and their similarities.




Humans have a right to live, so don’t they have a right to die?

Euthanasia is legal and illegal in multiple different places in the world due to different perspectives of the treatment.

There are three different categories of Euthanasia:


1-Voluntary: the patient’s decision

2-Non-Voluntary: parent’s consent

3-Involuntary: without patient’s consent and against the patient’s will


This is one of the most debated topics, because some consider it murder or suicide who believe is not the solution therefore should not be legalized. Some think it should be legalized for incurable diseases, or for intense, everlasting pain. It’s your body, it’s your condition, therefore it’s your decision whether you want to die or not.



-Dignified dying is a human right; if we have the right to live, we should have the right to die.

-The explicit right to choose their own decision

-Under excruciating pain and suffering, relieving it with death is much less painful

-We’re all human, we have self determination

-This is a human right, it is not harming others

-Everyone has a right to a good death. Patients should not be opposed to when they are choosing to die. Why suffer and die a slow and painful death?



-Respect the life that you have

-Considered “murder” no matter what

Quote by Carrasco de Paula: “Suicide is not a good thing, it is a bad thing because it is saying no to life and to everything it means with respect to our mission in the world and towards those around us.” -Do you agree?


Premise 1: “Euthanasia causes people to think that doctors are murderers.

Premise 2: Murder is considered a crime”

Conclusion: “Therefore, euthanasia is a crime.”


Premise 1: This is factually correct, although it isn’t necessarily to fitting to everyone. People who are against euthanasia may not think that it’s always the doctor’s fault but rather think that it’s wrong for people to throw away their life so easily.

Premise 2: Factually correct.

Conclusion: This is a valid argument because both premises are true, although there is a slight flaw in premise 1. Therefore, this is not a sound argument.


Although I stand somewhere in the middle, I lean more towards the side that it should be legalized. Maybe have an age limit as to when you can decide, possibly having the right to decide starting at the age of 18. Kids who are younger than that age will need parental consent. I am 100% against involuntary euthanasia. It is completely wrong for the doctor to use euthanasia without any consultation of the parents or patient. It is completely understandable that people may think of that as murder. But in the end, we are our own person and we are to make our own decisions. euthanasia is not to be used easily, but I think it should be considered.

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Constructing Thoughts

What are we all here for? Do we all have a purpose on this earth? An obvious answer to that question would probably be to say that we grow up, learn, get a job, have an experience, but we all die in the end. We are all given one chance, one experience, and ONE life. Now, how we decide to take on our path is entirely our choice. Everybody is given the same road, everybody is seeing the same road. People experience bumps and obstacles, some bigger than others. People could just walk across the road, some may rush and run, or some may be cautious of the steps that they’re taking. That road that you’re on is your entire life. Some people are trying to rush and get to the good part. (What’s the good part?)

For instance, kids are so eager to grow up. Adulthood seems like a dream, you get to do whatever you want, be on your own and be independent. We all grow up eventually, only to find that we just want to turn back the clock to go back to our childhood. Children have no worries, we believe anything that’s thrown to us, like Santa, and our imagination is out of this world. We’ve had imaginary friends, we pretend our stuffed animals are alive, and EVERYBODY is friends with each other. As you grow older, we are opened up to this world called “reality.”

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What even is reality? Is something real just because someone told us that it is? What’s the truth and how do we know the truth? Society shapes your mind like no other. Well actually, parents are also a big contributer. The influences, role models, and celebrities. Popular and unpopular opinions. Manners that our parents have taught us. They all contribute to our way of thinking. When we are taught that something is “wrong” by our parents, that will be engraved into your mind until the day you die. But hey, who told us that parents are always right anyway? Aren’t they learning just like us? Do they have their whole life figured out? Plato refers that there is an outside and inside of a cave. Society is just reflection. It reflects the most popular thoughts and shares it with a filter. Some may fall for that reflection and think that that’s the reality. Others look at what’s causing the reflection and realize the truth behind what’s being shadowed. I think we’ve all had times where we have seen situations or stories that are completely blown out of proportion, and again, some people realize it, some people don’t. Being the paranoid person that I am, I am worried of situations happening that could basically be impossible.

My mind is that shadow in Plato’s cave, it’s abstract, unreal, and imagination. Stepping outside of the box and thinking from a different perspective, I get a new outlook that tells me that what I am worried about is completely impossible. But sometimes, it’s difficult for me to think that way. I get so caught up with the shadows. The possibility, the what ifs, that I can’t think straight. In the cave, I’m inside watching the shadows, seeing the world in my mind. But sometimes I’m outside of the cave, seeing the real world. Everything’s about perspective and how you choose to perceive, don’t be fooled by everyone else’s outlook. You are your own person with your own thoughts. We are all human with different thoughts and different looks, god didn’t create us to look, act, and think the same way.

“Childhood is over when you realize that your parents are not always right. Adulthood starts when you realize neither are you.”  -Unknown


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Document Of Learning #1 – Ami Ishii

Document of Learning #1

Ami Ishii

Philosophy 12

During my first week of philosophy, I’ve been able to learn and explore more into the meanings of the words love and wisdom. While having class discussions, I’m more of a listener, rather than a talker. Although, to hear everyone’s thoughts and opinions on all topics that we discuss, I am continuously inspired. With no right or wrong answer, it has made it easier for the class to open up and express their beliefs in their own way. My personal goals for the class, is to open up my mind and to have a greater view of the topics we talk about. Involvement in class is something that I struggle with personally, but I’d like to have a strong and powerful mindset of my opinions so I could state my thoughts confidently. Having abstract thoughts and constantly thinking outside of the box, is just one step closer to being wise. I think philosophy is going to leave everyone with a different mindset in the end, having so many questions and constantly wanting to talk more about a certain topic.

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After reading the Let’s Talk essay it had made me think about what the aspects of the use of words. “Philosophy is an inherently social activity that thrives on the collision of viewpoints and rarely emerges from the unchallenged interior monologue” was a powerful statement in the piece. Thoughts are a proposition with a sense. Your thoughts are completely made up from influences around you. With the views of the people around you, the environment you grew up in, and the opinions around the people who surround you, that makes up for you opinions and beliefs.

When you think of wisdom, you would think of old people. I think the reasoning behind that is the fact that the older you are, the more experience you’ve had with life. Seniors have good judgement, and have high quality experience and perspective. Having a deep understanding of the meaning of life and knowledge is the key to being wise. Although elders aren’t the only ones who are wise. Having intelligence, great insights and an open mind towards anything and everything are all attributes of a wise person.

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Philosophy is all about opinions. There are no correct or incorrect answers, it’s simply about communication, understanding, and questioning. I hope that throughout this course, I will be able to get more involved into the conversations and comprehend the ethics of philosophy. 

(All photos from Google Images)

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