Talons Philosophy

An Open Online Highschool Philosophy Course


Metaphysics second post

The philosophy of what makes art Art is what brought me to this topic. I was curious to see what I could figure out and what other philosophers have already decided on. A lot of my influence was taken from Kant with his theories of the noumenal world and the phenomenal world. His theories are better detailed in this awesome video, skip ahead to 2:58 to learn about the Phenomenal world of experience and the Noumenal world that is itself without observation the true world that cant be experienced. Then Schopenhaur introduces the Will. This is also better explained by this video. There is also the idea which is similar to the form which was discovered by Plato in his cave story.

The Will: It is an energy that is embodied in all physical things including us

The Idea: Non-individual pure essences of things.

An interesting theory that Schopenhauer had about art is that when you see a true piece of art that embodies the true form then you stop being a single consciousness and you are pulled higher into this experience and merge into this idea. You become freed from the Will and then become part of the Noumenal world. That is why he thought different pieces of art were better than others and this had to do with the aesthetic experience that you get from viewing amazing works of art.

Once you start to think about how art is supposed to bring you this transcendent experience then it can make you wonder how there is so much art in the world. Does every piece really capture the Idea of whatever is depicted? I think there is a difference between these theories and what people think fo aesthetics because all art is beauty even if it is not pretty and beauty is in the eye of the beholder.



What is Philosophy Final. It is a yoga ball in class

My final thoughts of philosophy 12 are great. I think that I learned a lot about the meaning of life and different ways to think about the world.

Final presentation




Epistemology midterm

These words are being read by you (concrete experience), you are understanding and thinking about the meaning of these words (reflective observation), you are now considering if you should continue to read and how long it might take (abstract conceptualization), as you continue to read this you are beginning to put the pieces together and make sense of this by maybe reading it over again or repeating it in your head ( active experimentation).

These are the four steps for experiential learning which I believe is the most accurate basis of learning based upon David Kolbs experiential learning theory.learning styles kolb

Before I continue this I would like to define these concepts in as many ways as possible:

1. Concrete Experience – (a new experience of situation is encountered, or a reinterpretation of existing experience).

2. Reflective Observation (of the new experience. Of particular importance are any inconsistencies between experience and understanding).

3. Abstract Conceptualization (Reflection gives rise to a new idea, or a modification of an existing abstract concept).

4. Active Experimentation (the learner applies them to the world around them to see what results).

My theory coincides with this perfectly as I believe that everyone’s personal knowledge is acquired from our experiences in the world and how we understand/interpret them. From there we gather the information learned and grow from it in order to begin an active experimentation of the knowledge learned.

Premise 1: We are born into the world with no experiences

Premise 2: As we continue through the world we notice the causes and effects of different situations such as crying for hunger then being fed

Premise 3: Once we gain this knowledge we can then understand how it happens and later use our previous learned knowledge

Conclusion: From these experiences we grow and learn and build our knowledge of the world

I can explain these premises further here.

Premise 1: Assuming that you are born into life without any knowledge of the world then you are like a blank slate. This is looking at the most scientific form of being born without thinking about beliefs such as reincarnation. So if you are born into the world with no knowledge then it is safe to say that you have not had any experiences. This can even be brought further to say that before we are conceived we have no experiences but some argue that we can sense things such as sound in the womb. Now lets say that this is an experience that we can have before we are born but it still does not hurt the premise.

Premise 2:  Im sure that anybody can recall a time in their lives when they consciously remember doing something with either positive or negative effects and learning from it. This confirms my second premise.

Premise 3: When we begin to learn from these experiences it become knoweldge that we can then draw from throughout our lives. This is shown by the example of riding a bike, once you learn you will most likely never forget.

Conclusion: These premises are all valid and therefore it must be true. We grow and learn from our experiences and how we reflect on them is how we gain knowledge.

Here is some more info on David Kolbs theory which reiterates my theory:




Metaphysics of Art (first post)

I plan to investigate the different philosophies on art and what previous philosophers considered art to be. Besides the obvious need to be aesthetically pleasing, if there something else that art contains that is different than just a pretty picture.


I have discovered that there is a known difference between a piece of art and a work of art. In the eyes of many famous philosophers of the past, true Art is something that unifies our collective consciousnesses and places us in  a higher realm. This area we are brought to is where we find understanding and see things differently than we have ever seen them before.Image result for starry night

I chose this topic because whenever I go to places like the art gallery or even the art room at my school, I wonder why some people get famous and why other people don’t. I find it interesting that someone like Emily Carr who is so well known and has one of the most respected Art Universities in  the lower mainlands named after her, and what made her art so special. I have seen some of her work and when I look at it I feel like it is something that one of my classmates could make but there is still something special about it. I think this is why these questions are so important, it is so that we can understand our feelings when we view something beautiful and how this may change our lives.

This is an important topic because I think that it is something that a lot of people have asked but the answer is not always so clear. It raises many questions about if art even has to be aesthetically pleasing to make it true art and if the philosophy of art is separate from aesthetics. I think that this would not be ppainting 1ossible in most cases but im sure there are instances where a work of art is beautiful and speaks to many people but it is not beautiful in the visual way, perhaps that is where aesthetics does not come into play. I think this also raises questions about how we can calculate and understand the reactions and emotions that people around the world may have. When one person or even one group of like minded people look at a work of art and agree that it is something more than it appears to be and that it allows oneself to see the true meaning of the picture, then who is to say that this will be understood globally. There is always going to be a certain margin of subjectiveness to art and I think the way people try to understand it is by making philosophical theories and trying to categorize different aspects of art with words like elements and form






Vegans Are Changing The World One Veggie At A Time

Our planet continues to follow a trend of climate change around the globe with not enough being done to slow it down. Some
people are trying their best to drive more fuel efficent cars, use low wattage bulbs and save water, but there is a better more efficent way to help our planet. Going vegan has been proven to reduce your carbon footprint by %41.7 compared to meat eaters. 51% of our greenhouse-gas emmisions are contributed by animal agriculture in the forms of carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide.

In this article by PETA, a logical argument is presented on the benefits of being a vegan in todays world and how this is lowering our energy use. This can all be broken down into the following premises and conclusion:

Premise 1: Greenhouse gases are a leading cause of climate change

Premise 2: A major source of greenhouse gasses are animals raised as livestock

Conclusion: Therfore people converting to veganism would make a large impact on stopping climate change

Now that we have the premises for PETAs vegan argument we can analyze its factual correctness:

  • Premise 1: This is agreed upon by scientists around the word. There are some facts that people do not agree upon though such as wether or not the world is actually heating up because they claim that there are also places in the world that are becoming much cooler. Over all this fact is true unless you refuse to believe the hundreds mof studys and organizations and instead look at the couple sources that believe it is a hoax.
  • Premise 2: This premise is true due the overwhelming facts showing about the causes of greenhouse gas emiisons such as CO2 and methane which are largely to be help responsible. The fact that most of these gas emmisions are released by animal agriculture is because of the way that livestock is produced in our times. There is the carbon released into the atmosphere from clear cutting and burning down of forests for feed for livestock, as well as the water used for this feed. Then there is the energy used to process and transport the feed to the animals. Afterwards the food is fed to the animals and methane is released during and after difestion in form of released gas and feces. It takes a considerable amount of water to keep an animal alive as well. After the animal is slaughtered there is energy used in the transportation and packaging of the meat as well untill it lands on your plate.
  • Conclusion: Is valid due to the fact that we have considered premise one and two to be correct in the most rational sensesm and that they follow in a sequential form that leads to the conclusion.

I would say that this argument is also sound because the premises are factually correct leading to a valid argument.

The whole point of this argument is not to shun anybody who eats meat, instead I am hoping that more people will understand the reasons for veganism and vegetarianism. I personally have not gone as far as to be completely vegan but i have come to understand that there are many ways that we can try to make an impact in our daily lives and leaving meat out of your day makes a difference. There are many reasons for people to become vegans (fitness, animal right) as well as environmental reasons but I personally have tried to make this change in my life because of the environment. The reasons being that how animal agriculture is damaging our planet is fact and not opinion. You can have an opinion on wether or not an animals life is worse being raised for slaughter or living free on a farm or if a vegan diet is really going to make you lose more weight compared to a paleo diet or a low carb diet, but you would have to try really hard to say that raising livestock does not hurt the environment.

Here is more information about this topic and converting to veganism :))


Oh yeah also I get enough protein!! With out all the added fat and cholestoral!



Journey to the center of Philosophy

Greetings Philosophy 12 class. There are many things I can say about my first impressions of this class, like FINALLY JESUS IS MY TEACHER or Am I going to become a poet now too…? :))))

***(To see the answer to my poet question stay tuned for future posts!)

Here is a little about myself first of all;

  • My name is Amy Salvador
  • Im sometimes artistic
  • Im in grade 12 but I feel like in in grade 5

What I have learned so far in these first tender weeks of school is that philosophy is much more than what we will be able to understand in one semesterlaying down guy.

During my reading of “Talk With Me” by Nigel Warburton I was intrigued by the way that he broke down how philosophical discoveries are founded. It made me think about how true it is that every person who you think off as “philosophical” is sort of  quiet and reserved.

My hopes for this class are, that even though I’m not typically defined as a reserved person, that I can find within myself some form of deep thinker. By reflecting upon my values I can hopefully reflect upon what  personally I think life is about.

The second part of Warburtons essay was that philosophy is actually derived from intelligent conversation. PERFECT! I can speak with others about all my overflowing curiosities!

A quote that really resonated with me from Warburton sums up what made my want to be in philosophy 12 and what my first impressions of it were;

“Western philosophy has its origins in conversation, in face-to-face discussions about reality, our place in the cosmos, and how we should live. It began with a sense of mystery, wonder, and confusion, and the powerful desire to get beyond mere appearances to find truth or, if not that, at least some kind of wisdom or balance.”