Talons Philosophy

An Open Online Highschool Philosophy Course

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Final post – Jess Lewis

 

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Epistemology – Jessica Lewis

Through out this epistemology unit I have previously wrote about my reading, Knowledge passed down through the generations , and my discussion with class members Sydney and Kiana.

After reading two pieces of text  my main question was , Can knowledge be passed? The first reading that i read was Knowledge passed down through the generations by Prairie Gleanings. This reading used the example of a man who’s father once gave him some gardening advice. The Father told his son to set the deck near the top and leave the grass a little longer. The son soon figured out that his fathers father had told him the same and so forth through the generations. This is one of many examples of how knowledge can be passed through the generations. The second reading that I was able to take information from is called Is Knowledge inherited? . In this Reading the writer talks about vision is automatic to us and how we do not have to learn how to see. This is an extended example that also relates to my first point about how knowledge is passed through generations.

I first spoke to Laike about my question about is it possible that knowledge is passed? We both agreed that it is passed, and then I brought up the idea of knowledge being passed through the generations and how we acquire it. For example we don’t have to learn vision, its automatic    The second person I spoke to was Natalie, We together discussed how we would define knowledge, wisdom, information and understanding. We said that to us, wisdom is what comes with age, information is facts,, we also said that understanding something or someone is making the connections between things and finally we decided that knowledge is in  everything and everyone. In this discussion I tried to make a connection to my own question. I came up with the idea that yes, knowledge is passed however is can also be created within. Knowledge is everywhere and we are constantly evolving and with that change its untrue to say that every part of my knowledge came from previous ancestors.  I also spoke to Kyle and the idea of ignorance We spoke about how people can choose to take knowledge however  they please .  We then  spoke about  how knowing everything is impossible because knowledge is everywhere. Me and  David talked  about whether knowledge is from the past or the present. We decided that its both. I brought up the idea that everything once was in the present and one day everything will be in the past so knowledge comes from all areas of life.

My goal for Phils day off was to evaluate how knowledge can be passed. I went through my family tree and mapped out people through my ancestors. I looked at their skills and abilities and connected them to my own and to my siblings.   I learnt that knowledge can be acquired as the generations continue.  I learnt that knowledge really  is everywhere and in everyone. Looking through all of my family members and ancestors with my sister was a transfer of knowledge by itself but also leaning about my distant cousins from Australia and great great great aunt and uncle in Europe

In conclusion, throughout this unit of study, I have developed a greater insight as regards to knowledge, where is it, how it is acquired and what exactly it is. I found that knowledge is passed but in many ways. For example knowledge can be passed through the generations. Another finding I experienced throughout this unit is the idea that when given more room to explore  I typically find more. A final finding I had was that reading more research allows me to create more philosophical questions, then I can discuss more with more people.

 

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Active Learning – Jessica Lewis

For this Phils active learning assignment my goal was to evaluate how knowledge can be passed through something, whether it may be tangible or not.

I went through my family tree and mapped out people through my ancestors. I looked at their skills and abilities and connected them to my own and to my siblings.

I learnt that knowledge can be acquired as the generations continue. Also I learnt that knowledge really  is everywhere and in everyone. Looking through all of my family members and ancestors with my sister was a transfer of knowledge by itself but also leaning about my distant cousins from Australia and great great great aunt and uncle in Europe

A further question is have is through an example. Hypothetically, Take someone’s  great great great grandfather  for example. If He fought in World war one and worked hard at a young age, does this mean that his great great great grandson or daughter will  have his very  strength bestowed in them ?

This phils day off was different from my last because this time I can clearly demonstrate my findings and can always refer back to them. Also I found this active learning move interesting because it related more to myself and my own knowledge instead of others. Although it was interesting before it was also easier to make individual connections rather than collective.

 

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Epistemology Discussions – Jessica Lewis

 

During our class discussion time, I first spoke to Laike about my question about is it possible that knowledge is passed? We both agreed that it is passed, and then I brought up the idea of knowledge being passed through the generations and how we acquire it. For example we don’t have to learn vision, its automatic. Laike brought up the example of jelly fish and how they know to move up, down and can even produce light. We spoke about the possibilities of where this knowledge the jelly fish have could have come from?

 

The second person I spoke to was Natalie, We together discussed how we would define knowledge, wisdom, information and understanding. We said that to us, wisdom is what comes with age, information is facts (for example the color of my eyes and the combination of my genes ) , we also said that understanding something or someone is making the connections between things and finally we decided that knowledge is in  everything and everyone. In this discussion I tried to make a connection to my own question. I came up with the idea that yes, knowledge is passed however is can also be created within. Knowledge is everywhere and we are constantly evolving and with that change its untrue to say that every part of my knowledge came from previous ancestors.

 

After discussing with Natalie I spoke to Kyle. Kylie brought up the idea of ignorance, which we then explored more as a group, with Liam. We spoke about how people can choose to take knowledge however  they please. A second thing we spoke about is that knowing everything is impossible because knowledge is everywhere there will always be something somebody could learn.

 

I then spoke to David about whether knowledge is from the past or the present. We both decided that its both. I brought up the idea that everything once was in the present and one day everything will be in the past so knowledge comes from all areas of life.  Again we brought up the idea of how knowledge is everywhere. Another topic we spoke about is how knowledge is passed and how it is justified. Knowledge is passed by anything, take me knocking on a wooden table. From knocking on the table the knowledge is passed to my senses which then tell me that a sound is produced when I tap hard enough on the table. Also intangible knowledge can be passed in a classroom between and teacher and a student. Me and David also spoke about the idea of not needing to prove our knowledge, for example failing a test doesn’t mean you don’t know it. Maybe failing it means you didn’t study enough or you had a bad sleep but it doesn’t mean your not knowledgeable.

 

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Passing Knowledge Through Generations – Jessica Lewis

I can pass a book and physically pass someone the knowledge of how to hold the book, also the book itself can represent knowledge. However knowledge can be passed in a classroom from a teacher to a student and a parent to a child.  After evaluating two pieces of reading the main question i am faced with is Can knowledge be passed?

The first reading that i read was Knowledge passed down through the generations by Prairie Gleanings. This reading used the example of a man who’s father once gave him some gardening advice. The Father told his son to set the deck near the top and leave the grass a little longer. The son soon figured out that his fathers father had told him the same and so forth through the generations. This is one of many examples of how knowledge can be passed through the generations.

The second reading that I was able to take information from is called Is Knowledge inherited? . In this Reading the writer talks about vision is automatic to us and how we do not have to learn how to see. This is an extended example that also relates to my first point about how knowledge is passed through generations.

 

 Vision is autonomic. We do not have to learn to see. So are the motor muscle reflexes involved in species locomotion.

 

 

 

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Humanity And freedom part 3- Jessica Lewis

During Phils day off, i took my question ‘are humans free?’ and asked seven people what they thought. Some of the people i asked were family and friends and some were strangers. For my questions i fund it important that i as people who i don’t know s that i could then receive further insight and see what the difference of response was.

” I think everybody know’s we’ve never been free, and never will be” – unknown waitress and the restaurant.

On April 15th, I had my grad dress fitting and between  all the pins and people around me i decided to ask one of the ladies that was adjusting my dress whether she felt free or not. Her response to my question was reserved and she simply said how she thought she was free. The lady said that she loves her life and wouldn’t change it. after an incredibly awkward 20 minutes we left and went for dinner nea by. After having our drink served i asked the waitress if she felt as if she was free. Her response was surprising and caught me of guard. he waitress replied,” No..well..i guess? i would like the think i am free but i think everyone knows we’ve never been free and never will be?”  After she brought our dinner back she asked me why i asked her that question. I told her about philosophy and our phills day off assignment. The waitress told me how shes been interested in philosophy for a long time. After asking two complete stranger, when i come home i asked my parents and their responses were that they feel money puts a huge restriction on things an constricts us as people. I asked my sister and she first laughed at how incredibly out of the blue my question was ( considering we were on skype  it was very much random ) and then she told me how she hadn’t the slightest clue.

After recording my finding and what people said, i found it interesting as how although people answered my question they were relatively reserved and apprehensive about answering and to me that says more about their answer than their answer does itself. It reinforces that we second guess ourselves due to popular belief. Society has a larger hold on us than we think. As a matter of fact its startling.

 

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Humanity and Freedom part 2 – Jessica Lewis

In My last post, Humanity and Freedom, I mentioned the idea of humans and freedom. My first question for this assignment was are humans free? to gain more knowledge on the freedom of humans I read an article called, Morning as the Origin of Humanity. The article helped me gain a firmer grasp on what it means to be free but as much as it helped it also confused me, New questions were raised from the article. These new questions were are we as free in death as we are in life? These questions led me to the conclusion that could there be an afterlife? Is there a whole purpose to this ride were on? I understand that the question about purpose seems rather far fetched from my original questions but it isn’t, My question led me down the path of religion and the argument many historians, priests and realists have argument for years, Religion or reality?

 

In a discussion with Laike on April 11th We  brought up both our topics and immediately knew we had similar ideas. As regards to my question are humans free? Me and Laike talked about how although we feel free we really aren’t. In society today we are confined by gender roles, Societies view and religious restrictions.  Lake merged our questions together and we came up with God. Due to us both having religious backgrounds it wasn’t hard to think back to all the rules that comes with Christianity. One of the examples we spoke about was Adam and Eve and how god gave us freedom but took it away so quickly ( and some may argue we are still paying for it today ). Talking to Laike allowed me to have more insight as to how religion plays a role in our lives just as much as gender roles does. In the conversation I brought up the idea of school. I related it to freedom and how we ‘feel’ free. We come to school and yes, some people hate it but they still come. W mentioned how yes, we do have the right ( once 16) to refuse to come to school but it doesn’t mean were free. Deciding to not come to school anymore till have strings attached and isn’t as easy as just never looking back.

 

In Our class discussions I found that although we had similar ideas, The differences were that some interoperated story’s and quotes from the Bible in different ways. Some interpreted Eve eating the apple because the Snake wanted to give us sin or some say that the snake was right and god simply wants to confine us from freedom. One finding I think everyone in my group came to was that the question of God,as with religion, wont be ever be answered.

 

In a second discussion on April 12th, when we  formed a bigger group with other students in the class, The topic of God and the restrictions of religion was yet again the topic of discussion. Helena, Laike , David and Shem all borught up interesting points about why and how do we react to certain aspects of religion. In the discussion It was mentioned that some people find safety In looking to some Higher Power, It gives some people relief. We also talked about how the Bible doesn’t always make sense. For example, As mentioned previously, ‘God’ punished Adam and Eve for eating the fruit and its said that everyone now is born with that ‘sin’. However in the new testament on the Bible things were changed and rules were altered. Why? and how? If the Bible was so real why doesn’t  it make sense? and if the religion constricting us to roles and rules is false, maybe we are free after all? or maybe ourselves are what is restricting us? Are we sub consciously confining ourselves?

 

 

 

 

 

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Humanity and Freedom – Jessica Lewis

 

 Are humans free?

At the beginning of the assignment, I didn’t quite know what my question would be. The self has always interested me and the way we act and process information has always been a topic of interest henceforth I chose to take a closer look at humans our  freedom.  For years in history there have always been the argument between religion and reality. What is what and who is who.  Freedom is an interesting topic because although we feel free we really aren’t. We still are confined by society  , gender roles, and religion restrictions. For example  even something as simple as coming to school, we don’t choose to go. However school isn’t my topic of interest, my question tackles freedom as whole and zones in on our survival. To help answer my question I found a few articles that made sense to me..

” is it really possible to say that the awareness of his own mortality is what is proper to the human? Is not the feeling of a fundamental vulnerability shared by all living beings? We can in fact easily imagine that animals are, like us, afraid of dying, since they spend their lives trying desperately to survive.” 

One of the readings that helped me understand my question better was Mourning as the Origin of Humanity The topic of  human beings  and how they have have always been conscious of the difference that separates them from other living beings was raised in the article . The example the   author used was  the fact of wearing clothes or painting and how  sometimes deforming their bodies in accordance with specific rituals.Another aspect of the reading that helped me string together my question was when  an allusive reference to Descartes’s was mentioned saying that ”  man has to become the master and possessor of nature, but rather, as Heidegger says again in What is Metaphysics?, the “place-holder of the nothing,” a nothing which is not in the human‘s power to bring before itself and in which it finds itself held.

 

My reading certainly does confuse me as there are many argument are made that I don’t fully understand.  In the article the author mentions  how humans haven’t made a cure for death and along side the comment about death, immortality is brought up. A new question of mine would be are we free is death? I hate to ask such a morbid question but its always been a wonder of mine. Are we still restricted to the rules of life as we are in spirit?

 

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Morality of Capital Punishment- Jessica Lewis

The argument i’ve chosen for the Truth,Validity and sound assignment is the video attached regarding Barack Obama’s opinion of the death penalty and the morality behind it. During the clip, a question asked directly to Alan Keys  from a reporter in the audience   brought up the topic of Christianity and how could a christian, ( Alan keys) Support the idea of death penalty and abortion. In the clip there are two arguments mentioned; Abortion and Capital punishment. For this assignment id like to highlight the argument for the death penalty.

 

“I believe that the death penalty is appropriate in certain circumstances. There are extraordinarily heinous crimes, terrorism, the harm of children, in which it may be appropriate. Obviously we’ve had some problems in this state, in the application of the death penalty and that’s why a moratorium was put in place and that’s why I was so proud to be one of the leaders in making sure that we overhauled it, death penalty system that was broken. For example, passing the first in the nation videotaping of interrogations and confessions in capital cases. We have to have this ultimate sanction for certain circumstances in which the entire community says this is beyond the pale.”

 

     – Barack Obama, 2004

 

Barack Obama’s argument of the death penalty  is factually correct and valid. Barack Obama’s argument is factually correct due to the facts he use to support his argument. During the argument Obama states how in the past the process of applying the death penalty has been broken and unfair, therefore he mentioned  of when interrogations for  capital cases used to  videotaped and how it affected the cases. Obama recognizes that the death penalty is an extreme punishment and reasons that the application of the death penalty needs to be fair which too is a fact. Obama goes forward to mention (1) The death penalty is acceptable under extreme circumstances, (2) in The past , the application of the death penalty hasn’t always been fair, therefor (3) We need to be collectively certain as a society that its the right decision.

 
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