Talons Philosophy

An Open Online Highschool Philosophy Course


all assignments














phils day off

Phil’s day off

My main question is “if beauty is subjective” so I started researching about this by looking at people’s definition of beauty.

We all had the experience that we found something or someone beautiful and which when we shared it with our friends or family, they found that certain thing not beautiful or rather ugly.

For my Phil’s day off I went to Victoria with my family. We went to Butchart garden and my grandparents found it pretty amazing and special but me and my little sister didn’t think it’s a big deal or something very special. After the park, we went to the parliament building which was fantastic in my idea I enjoy looking at it a lot and also the sea view was pretty nice my grandparents enjoyed it too but they said that Butchart garden was fascinating and how they want to come back and visit the garden each season.

On our way back to Vancouver while I was looking at the sea, I was thinking about our trip and how each of us enjoyed a different place and how different people have different definitions of beauty. Seeing how different people enjoyed different things.

3 take away:

  • Beauty is pretty subjective and it can be different from a person to another person.
  • People enjoy different things depending on their idea of beauty.
  • Victoria is really beautiful.






Epistemology final synthesis


We started this unit by reading some articles about knowledge and how do we know that we know something. After reading these articles each person brought up a question which was the question they had after reading the articles.My original question was the general idea of epistemology”how do we know that we know something”? I started reading some articles about  this question but i realized that its too general and cant be defined in a certain way also during this time I came across a question which really took my attention and i really liked it” dose knowledge have to be true as well?” I started researching about truth and knowledge and how they are totally different but overlapping at the same time.

the readings were about how knowledge doesn’t need to be necessarily true, it might be but it can be no true as well . the most important part, it needs to be believed by the audience that are taking in the information.  information should be believed by someone in order for that information to turn into knowledge, for example:if I read some information about the parallel universes and I believe the information after researching about it then that information turned into knowledge for me because I personally believe it.

conclusion(3 take away):

  • knowledge is individualized and taking information really depends on someone’s perspective of something and the information can be taken away in many different ways.
  • information should be believed by an individual in order for it to turn into knowledge.
  • we never know if we know something for sure, what if what we think we know for sure is not the reality?


Phil’s day off

My main point that I wanted to prove by doing Phil’s day off, was to show how knowledge depends on individuals  perspective and how a person should believe something in order for that thing to turn into knowledge.

On Monday I went to a near by park with my grandpa and spent the entire day with him. we had a good time and I also learned a lot about  how knowledge depends on an individuals mindset and perspective. we talked about a lot of things and he mentioned how beautiful the grey sky is but we were looking at the sky at twilight zone, that was when I realized that knowledge actually depends on someone’s perspective of the world. He was not lying or making something us and same as I but we just saw sunset from different perspective which showed me that knowledge is individualized and it’s something that should be believed by a person who has the knowledge.





Knowledge vs. Truth

my original question was: how do we know that we know something? I start researching about this question which lead me to my current question which is: If knowledge has to be true as well? After reading different articles about knowledge and truth I realized that knowledge shouldn’t be necessary true too but a statement can only turn to knowledge if the person whose perceiving it believes it.

at first I talked to Sydney and her topic I thin was about individual knowledge which was pretty interesting to me because like me her topic was about how knowledge can be interpreted in different ways depending on a persons perspective of that certain topic. different people can have the exact same knowledge of a certain topic because each person has its own beliefs and perspective. For example if two students been in the same class for the entire year and had the exact same teacher and environment but one might be more knowledgeable in a certain topic than the other one and vice versa. another example is in religions for example: two people have the same religion but they might have different believes towards a certain topic according to their own personal beliefs and perspective.

at first I started by reading about”how do we know what we know but then I realized that this is a really general topic that doesn’t have a specific answer so while I was reading other articles about knowledge and epistemology I came across something about truth and knowledge an how these two are overlapping at some point but completely different at the same time, this is when I got more interested to this topic and changed my original question to the current question.

















does knowledge have to be true as well?

After reading several articles about the question I had I got some good information’s about the truth and knowledge and how they are completely related but at the same time really different . the article mentions  that knowledge is a proper understanding of the true nature of reality. this proper graphing reality can be knowledge by acquaintance, knowledge can be learned through someone’s personal experiences or through connecting with others and knowing about the things that they have experiences in their life but truth affirmations are those that correspond to reality so truth is a characteristic of statements that properly describe aspects of the real world.having knowledge of something shouldn’t be necessarily true; it can be true or not because sometimes knowledge depends on someone’s perspective.

knowledge must be believed, we must believe a claim in order to know it.without believing a true knowledge isn’t a proper knowledge, also a belief of knowing should come from a legit place in order for knowledge to be proper.



Afterlife mysteries


  1. In the previews post, I mentioned the questions I had and why this topic is interesting and important to me. I talked to Sydney and told her about the articles and the concepts I learned by looking at this research. Her topic is sort of similar to my topic, her topic is about the existence of things and how things didn’t existed before we give them a certain name which can be connected to my topic since in the article doctor Robert Lanza talk about how death is a concept of our mind and it doesn’t exist outside our minds is kind of the same thing that Sydney is researching about. We came to a conclusion that a lot of things might exist around us just because we have a definition or a word for them as well as death and afterlife
  2. For the Phil’s day off I tried talking to 3 people with totally different perspectives about the death and afterlife. I talked to a friend of my mom, she is a religious person and she believes that after humans die they either go to heaven or hell depending on their behaviors in this world. This has been said in many different ways on all religions and the people who believe in religion surly believe that this is thru purpose of our life in this world getting what we deserve and getting punished for the wrong actions we committed during our lives. Another perspective is the spiritual way to look at and this is the theory I believe in: I believe in Reincarnation which is the philosophical concept that the soul or spirit, after biological death, can begin a new life in a new body. This doctrine is a central tenet of the Hindu religion. I think what Doctor Robert Lanza also said about the fact that death is just a concept that only exists in our mind that what he meant. He meant that out physical body dies after a while but our sprit will travel through other bodies forever, maybe that what he meant that death does not exist, maybe he meant that spiritual death doesn’t exist.




what is the mystery behind afterlife?

Is there an afterlife? What does its mystery mean to us?

  1. I have been always interested in finding out about where we go after we die? Are we just here to live for a some years and die and turn into dust or is there something more to it? The concept of afterlife is really interesting to me, because no one has ever experienced it and talked about it for sure.  In addition it’s really important to me to about this topic because afterlife and death is something we all will experience sooner or later so to me it’s really interesting to know about it.
  1. In this article by John Hall, Professor Robert Lanza talks about how existence of after life can be proven by looking at theory of biocentrism. The biocentrism theory says that the evidence lies in the idea that the concept of death is a mere figment of our consciousness. “Universe only exists because of an individual’s consciousness of it; essentially life and biology are central to reality, which in turn creates the universe.” He says the universe and also the death and afterlife only exists because we believe it and we think about it and make it up in our mind. He also adds in an article that has been posted on the scientist’s website, “the concept of death as we know it is cannot exist in any real sense as there are no true boundaries by which to define it. Essentially, the idea of dying is something we have long been taught to accept, but in reality it just exists in our minds.
  1. The question that shaped in my mind after reading this article was that how come no one has ever survived from death? How come no one can ever life forever if Robert Lanza believes that the concept of afterlife and death is only in our mind. If it’s just something in our mind and its all made up by us then how can we survive it? How can we skip death?


Time travel