Talons Philosophy

An Open Online Highschool Philosophy Course


Is Philosophy Still Like a Lock? (Final)

To go check out my final for philosophy go check out my Prezi



Experiences Become Knowledge

Knowledge is given to us through experience, whether that is through our own personal ventures or through that of others. Our personal experiences are what is called direct knowledge or knowledge by acquaintance. And the knowledge passed through person to person is what is called indirect knowledge or knowledge by description. And I am here to tell you that you can only truly know it is in fact true through personal experience.

Premise 1: If personal experience is achieved through one’s interactions.

Premise 2: And if experience can also be acquired through one’s observations.

Premise 3: And if we can comprehend the experience.

Conclusion: Then knowledge comes from our personal experiences.


Knowledge: Information learned through direct knowledge and knowledge by acquaintance.

Direct Knowledge: Direct knowledge is something that we gain from observing something happening.

Knowledge by Acquaintance: Knowledge that we gain through hands on experience.

Experience: The accumulation of knowledge or skill resulting from direct participation

Observation: The action or process of observing something or someone carefully or in order to gain information.

Comprehend: To be able to grasp mentally; understand

Premise 1: If personal experience is achieved through one’s interactions

One of the ways that knowledge is acquired is through the interactions that we have everyday. This form of gaining knowledge is called knowledge by acquaintance. A philosopher by the name of Bertrand Russel believes that k
knowledge is obtained through a direct interaction between a person and the object that person is perceiving. So what Russel is trying to say is, is that if I stick my hand under a tap and it is cold, then I gained knowledge through direct interaction that the water is cold. The opposite of this would be reading information from a book and having someone tell you that this is true and you should take their word for it. Truthful knowledge can only be gained from our own personal experiences that we interact with everyday.


Premise 2: And if experience can also be acquired through one’s observations

In this second premise I state how the other way knowledge can be acquired through experience is through observation. When I say observation I mean anything to do with your senses, so sight, smell, hearing, etc. Direct knowledge is knowledge that we acquire from observing something happening. So an example of this would be observing someone in a store and then counting how many carrots they purchase. So basically why direct knowledge is a key way to acquire knowledge from experience is because you see both the cause and the effect of what you are observing, which in turn grants you knowledge. Another example of being able to gain a prove truthful knowledge is if your textbook says the sky is blue, you can prove that is correct by simply walking outside and observing the sky and looking with your eyes that it is in
fact blue.

Premise 3: And if we can comprehend the experience

In order for us to be able to take the experience and turn it into knowledge we must be able to comprehend what we experienced and that we are able to grasp it and acknowledge it as knowledge and not just another of the many of experiences that we have on a daily basis.

In conclusion to my personal opinion as to what knowledge is I will conclude with this. In order for us to fully grasp the amount of knowledge that we gain everyday through the experiences that we have we have to be able comprehend and convert the experience to knowledge no matter how insignificant it may seem. Because all knowledge is significant and that knowledge is in everything that we do, we just have to be able to take our interactions and observations and make those into knowledge. So therefore………

Knowledge comes from our personal experiences













The Human Race Sucks

So for my metaphysical question I would like to ask this, Why shouldn’t the human race believe they are superior?

On this question I would like to discuss the many reasons why we as the human race shouldn’t think as ourselves superior to everything because that is certainly cannot be the case, right? I mean the universe is so mind boggling big that there is no way we are a superior race to all in which we seem to claim to be. Of course there is no evidence that anything that we know of that is superior than us as a people but I don’t think that we need evidence to already know that is false.

In my initial findings of my question and topic I found some related aspects of my question and what I wanna talk about in a literary philosophical idea called Cosmicism.

Cosmicism is:

The philosophy of cosmicism states that there is no recognizable divine presence, such as a god, in the universe, and that humans are particularly insignificant in the larger scheme of intergalactic existence, and perhaps are just a small species projecting their own mental idolatries onto the vast cosmos, ever susceptible to being wiped from existence at any moment. This also suggested that the majority of undiscerning humanity are creatures with the same significance as insects and plants, who, in their small, visionless and unimportant nature, do not recognize a much greater struggle between greater forces.

What I want to take from that blurb of what Cosmicism is is that we as humans are insignificant. The universe is so mind boggling, mind blowing and mind numbingly big and it is continuously getting bigger that we should not think of ourselves as the human race as significant or important in any way, shape or form. We are the specks of dirt on Earth compared to the universe. Cosmicism was developed and used by an American writer named H. P. Lovecraft. The themes of the fiction that he wrote over time contributed to the development of this philosophy. The most prominent theme that makes up Cosmicism is the utter insignificance of the human race and Lovecraft believed that the human race will just disappear. This video below will hopefully leave your mind hurting and definitively showing how insignificant we really are is this amazing video on the size of the known stars that we have discovered so far:

The reason why I wanted to ask this question is because I knew I would be able to talk about space and all the insanely cool things that come with it. First of all I think space is one of the most fascinating topics to talk about because of how mind blowing space really is. Second of all I knew that I would enjoy doing this assignment because I would be able to watch more space size videos and be able to apply it to a school assignment. The reason I believe this topic is important is because when I hear about the ongoing wars going on overseas or crime going on or even bullying, I just think at how pathetic we all are fighting on this little blue dot. We are all in the game of life together no matter how little it may mean in the grand scheme of things. As well as this topic and my question opens the door for many more questions that can be asked. Such questions can include:

Are we alone in the universe?

The answer that I am going to say for that is no we are not alone. I simply say this because there is no possible way given the size of the universe that we are the only intelligent life out there, and if anyone says differently to me I would laugh. But that is just my opinion on it.

Does God/god exist?

Even though this post isn’t talking about god or religion this topic of space and are we alone in the universe can definitely spark some discussion on if there is a God/god

In conclusion to what I have talked about I believe that the human race is a very insignificant part of what is really going on int he universe. We may think of ourselves as a superior race and have mass amounts of knowledge but we really don’t. We only know the tip of the iceberg in what the universe has in store for us and what amazing things is containTip of the Iceberged inside. But hey, maybe we really are just part of computer program and everything that I’ve said means nothing and doesn’t matter, who knows?!




Beauty Is In The Eye Of The Beholder

The beauty of another is not always agreed upon by others, hence the term “Beauty is in the eye of the beholder” was created. The beauty of another is determined by what you define as beautiful. A little history on the saying can be found here. Personally, I think that this saying should hit everyone where it matters and I think if you don’t consider this saying can you truly be happy with your significant other? If you believe that a man/woman that you see in the streets is pretty or hot and your friend who sees him/her as well and thinks otherwise does not entail that you should change your mind just because your friend doesn’t see the way you see him/her. Another quote that I found while searching Beholder quotes is:

“Beauty is in the heart of the beholder”-

-H.G. Wells

This quote using the word heart instead of eye is in my opinion better overall. It goes a little deeper with the use of the word heart and tells us to trust what our heart tells us and not what the opinion of others tell us. But if you are intrigued and would like to read more beholder quotes you can click right here

Premise 1: Mike wants to ask out a girl because he thinks she is beautiful

Premise 2: Mike’s friends think she is ugly

Conclusion: Therefore he should not ask her out

Premise 1 can be widely accepted as true because of the fact that everyone likes and finds different things about different people attractive and not attractive it just depends on who you are as a person.

Premise 2 can be widely accepted as true as well because Mike may find this woman beautiful but that Beauty Is In The Eye Of The Beholderdoes not mean his friends feel the same way because they are different people with completely different opinions and ideologies.






Philosophy is like a Lock

In my analogy for what I think philosophy is I came up with Philosophy is like a Lock. To find out more on my project and the topic check out my Prezi.



What even is Philosophy

So here is my introduction thing. My name is Kyle, and I am 17. I do not have a job so I’m kinda broke but who needs money anyways. So ya now that that’s done lets get right into it.

My first day of Philosophy 12 was the second week of school because I had to switch my classes and wasn’t able to switch until the end of the previous week. As soon as the second bell rang and Mr. Jackson talked a bit about what was going to happen and then we dove straight into discussions for the rest of the class. The two discussions that we talked about was why there are so few women philosophers and the other was Does Color Exist?. The discussion on whether color exists or not was a really eye opening topic and really made me think. It made me wonder what other crazy topics we might cover during the course of the semester. To even think about the concept of color and if its actually there or if its all in our mind is crazy to even think about.

Speaking of crazy topics, Can God Create a rock so big He can’t pick it up? is another eye opening and VERY controversial topic to talk about. I really hope that we tackle tough topics like this throughout the year because I believe they will create the best debates and discussions and will show the different sides and opinions on topics as big and controversial as this. I mean common, there have been wars because of topics like this, who knows what could happen in a classroom debate.

Before I wrap up my first post I would like to leave you with this quote:

You can be the smartest man or woman on the planet, but it means nothing if you don’t want to do anything with. Whether it is making the world a better place or using your intelligence for personal gain, you have to make the most of it.