Talons Philosophy

An Open Online Highschool Philosophy Course


Final Post – Liam Pringle



Aesthetics day off – Liam Pringle

This aesthetics day off was so late because my previous experience was one that I didn’t want to talk about, and so i just put it off. But seeing as school is almost over and just off of the weekend that I had, i have more motivation to get this done.

For me an aesthetic experiences is one that you are feeling something; any kind of emotion from happy to sad. As well, when you are experiencing it you don’t worry about the things around you, you don’t care about how you look, or how people around you are acting. The final thing that makes an aesthetic experience for me is that you need to be really engaged in the emotion that you are feeling at that time.

On this weekend I had many plans, I was going to have fun with my friends, try and ask someone out, and have fun. But, to little surprise to me, this did not happen. I found myself with my friends but feeling very alone, i felt isolated from the group; not due to their actions, but because my thoughts had taken control. I couldn’t stop overthinking things and beating myself up for it. And the second thing that I wanted to do never happened too, that was to little surprise to me as I had thought about doing it before. The next day I couldn’t stop thinking about how I had messed up again; and the thing about me is that i don’t forget, so when I feel sad i bring back all the other sad experiences that I have ever felt. As a result from this, I remembered how at the end of every school section (elementary and middle) I end up alone. As well I get it stuck in my mind that I am a loser and can’t do anything.

I am no stranger to this aesthetic experience, so it has already affected my view on everything. My view on this is that no matter how sad or upset I am, i keep it inside. And I use humor and other things to “hide it”, because for me I don’t like seeing people sad. So if I can make people happy then its worth all the sadness that I can feel.



Epistemology Final – Liam Pringle

Knowledge is …

My first response to this question was that knowledge is experience. The problem with using this for the rest of my epistemology unit was that it does not go deep enough into any important topics or information, it’s just a general statement. When it came time for us to publish the reading blog post I found myself stuck with no direction for knowledge is experience. I talked to Bryan Jackson and Kyle Meyer and they helped me create a new topic to go off of. My new topic was How we turn our experiences into knowledge and retain them?

Reading – my post

I found a very good article called How we remember and why we forget that showed how we turn our experiences into knowledge in the form of memories. The article really showed me how much of our knowledge is from our experiences, it talks about how during an event that we remember we will think about all the scenes that we experienced during that event. As well as how well you remember something is increased by how long you experiences it for like practicing the guitar or if there is a strong emotion that you experiences at that time. All those experiences create a memory that you can look back on, and that memory becomes what you know and your knowledge.

After reading the article is provided me with a lot of information for what I was looking for, but it also made me think about other questions. Some of the questions where; why are there somethings that we are just naturally good at? Could knowledge be passed down to you from your parents without being taught it? Even though the article that I found was very in-depth, it didn’t completely answer my question from all perspectives.

Discussions – my post

The class discussions that i had where good, but a lot of the groups that I was apart of had the same perspective as me, all except for when Sam and I joined Kyle and Jess. The discussion topic that we where talking about at the time was When does Truth, True Belief, and Justified True Belief become Knowledge? Same and I both agreed that knowledge has to be Justified True Belief. We related our answer to a pyramid in our class that has a bottom layer that is opinion, middle layer that is belief, and a top layer that is knowledge. We said that Truth is the same as opinion, True Belief is the same as belief, and Justified True Belief is the same as knowledge. But when we started talking with Kyle and Jess they provided a very strong different perspective. They said that knowledge is best related to Truth, because if something is true to you then its your knowledge. As well as in Justified True Belief it has to be justified by a group of people and then that means that it could be bias to a certain group and not true to another. After hearing what they had to say it made me think that I needed to really try to see thing in multiple perspectives.

Active Learning (Phil’s day off)my post

For my active learning I decided to try to improve on my perspective. I took some time out of my day to go out and take photographs of my neighborhood, a location that I see everyday and have a set opinion about it. While i was out and about I looked into places that I had never looked before and I found that there was a lot more to the location that I was in then i had though before. Doing this encourage me to try to look more in-depth on topics I come across and look at all the angles, in order to create the best work I can.



Active Learning – Liam Pringle

After I found my initial question and went through our class discussions I found out that I don’t think about the other perspective as much as I would like to. So my goal for this active learning day was to look and think of things in a different way. On the actual day that I did my active learning I went out and took photographs of my local area. I wanted to look at something that I see all day in a different light, and acquire a new perspective. Will do this activity I found that there is so much more that I couldn’t see before without going farther into it. I feel that I gained a new perspective on my surroundings, if going just a little bit deeper changed my perspective on my everyday surroundings then if I take the time to think about both sides more often then my philosophy work would greatly improve.

I chose to do this activity on my active learning rather then looking deeper in how we learn, so I would like to take some time out in the future and look into this. I find memory very interesting and really want to know what makes us remember something faster and a longer lasting memory. This active learning day was very different from my other active learning day because I actually took time away from my normal schedule to do this learning. As well this active learning day didn’t directly help me with my question, but instead it provided me with a chance to improve my work from here on.



Discussion – Liam Pringle

My original statement for knowledge is … was knowledge is experience. After I talked to Bryan.J and Kyle.M they helped me see that I could take my statement and expand on it. This led me to my new idea or statement how do we turn our experiences into knowledge and where do we keep it for later use?.

During the group discussions I was able to talk to a lot of people that had different outlooks than me as well as similar ones, the conversations that I had did help me see my statement /question in a way I had not thought about it before. The first thing we talked about was when truth, true belief, and justified true belief becomes knowledge. I talked to Sam about the question first and he had the same ideas as me, we both thought that justified true belief was the crossing point over to knowledge. We said that truth could be someone thinking that 2 + 2 = 5, we know that that isn’t correct but to that person they could think that it is true and the truth. We also said that true belief couldn’t be related to knowledge because true belief is talking about something that you believe and doesn’t need to be confirmed. An example for that is that you could believe that there is an afterlife but that hasn’t been proven by anyone, making it hard to become knowledge. We agreed that Justified true belief relates the most to knowledge because you can justify it. I used the example of how you can show that 2 + 2 = 4 by taking I I + I I = I I I I. We then joined Kyle and Jess they had the idea that truth is more related to Knowledge over justified true belief because once something becomes justified then that means that there is a bias. Once its bias then you can experience it with your own senses, like if you are told that your blood is red from someone then every time you see blood you’ll think of red, but you could be seeing a different colour then that person.

This discussion that I had impacted my question the most as both sides had different outlooks. From the Discussion with Jess, Kyle, and Sam I can see that I was looking at my question from one side, and if I where to look at it from another side then I would benefit from that



Remembering our Knowledge – Liam Pringle

The human mind has been always been a topic that I have thought about, and for this Epistemology topic I at first looked at how Knowledge is experience. But after I talked to Kyle.M and Bryan.J they showed me that the statement was to flat. So I turned it into two different questions 1) How do we turn experience into knowledge 2) How do we remember this new found knowledge.

When we experience an event, our brains tie the sights, smells, sounds, and our own impressions together into a relationship.

In the article that i found called How do we remember, and why we forget the author states that the events we experiences cause our brain to take in all of our senses and turns them into a relationship, and that relationship is our knowledge or memory in our brain about the event. But we can’t just turn anything into a memory, the relationships that create our knowledge are made from repetition (practice) and/or emotion. This is why many people remember where they were on 9/11 and other traumatic events.




Time Without Change Discussion and Day off – Liam Pringle

In Class Discussion

My Initial question is Can there be time without change, and at first i thought that there was no way that there could be time without change because i was under the impression that Time is Change, and therefor could not exist without change. But by going deeper into the question and actually looking at what Time is I realized that Time can exist without change, I explain the findings for my question more on my Main Post

On the days that i was able to talk to people about our Metaphysical questions i found that the questions bought up by Tali and Natalie related to my own question of time without change. Their questions where; How the universe affects us? (Tali) and Does life have meaning? (Natalie). Through talking with them about their topics we found that our ideas relate, with Tali’s questions (how the universe affect us) we started talking about what would happen if everything in the universe stopped, could time exist then, before I was only thinking about earth but during our discussion it brought my thinking to a new place and raised some new questions. With Natalie’s question (Does life have meaning) we started talking about how life would change with the would change and how it would affect our life’s meaning over time.

After the in class discussions that we had i feel that I have even more questions about my original question as well as some new questions and I really want to take a deeper look into them. I want to look more into space and the limits we are limited to in our universe, as well as if we our life has meaning or if “I am the master of my fate, I am the captain of my soul”


Phil’s Day Off

The Phil’s Day Off assignment is where we talk time out of one of our days and take a deeper look into our metaphysical question in a way that we have not already. My question was Can there be time without change? So to experience this question I though that it would be a good idea to see how I reacted to time passing wile being entertained and how i reacted to time wile doing nothing. I found that wile I was doing something time seemed to pass by a lot faster, and the time I did nothing the time passed a lot slower, this is probably no surprise to you as we all experience this throughout life. But by doing this experiment it brought up new questions that i had not thought about before, like how the passing of time is the same for everyone but some people at different times see it as a quick minute and some find that the time passing is long and slow moving. And this added another layer to my original question Can there be time without change? and has made me think more in depth about my question then i had gone before



Time without Change – Liam Pringle

Can there be time without change?

When we first got this assignment and i picked this question I thought that there is no way that there could be time without change, because time is a changing thing and if it doesn’t change then how would it work. But by doing research on the question i figured out a lot more about what time and change really are, and if they can exist without each other.

The question of whether there could be time without change has traditionally been thought to be closely tied to the question of whether time exists independently of the events that occur in time. For, the thinking goes, if there could be a period of time without change, then it follows that time could exist without any events to fill it; but if, on the other hand, there could not be a period of time without change, then it must be that time exists only if there are some events to fill it.

if it is possible for there to be a period of time during which nothing changes, anywhere (except, perhaps, for the pure passage of time itself, if there is such a thing) — then it is possible that a worldwide “freeze” will occur between the time you finish reading this sentence and the time you start the next sentence. In fact, if it’s possible for there to be a period of time without change, then it may well be that a million years have passed since you finished reading the last sentence.

This paragraph really helped show me how to answer the question. I see that time itself is a state that is always there, it doesn’t change, but the things that fill up time and exist within it do change. Its like if everything where to freeze over nothing would change but time itself would still pass.

When I look back at the question with all that I have read I feel that I have an opinion on it now, and I do thing that there can be time without change. But wile i was working on this question I started thinking if anything would change if we swapped time and change, Can there be change without time? That feels like a different question because everything changes over time, and if we removed time would anything change or would it all stop where it was.



Trumps tiny hands, but what else? – Liam Pringle

In the video above Marco Rubio takes a shot at Donald Trump for his small hands and at the same time references his “eleventh finger”

Premise 1 – Trump has small hands

Premise 2 – people with small hands have a small penis

There for – trump has a small penis

The truth of this statement is unknown, this is a valid statement if the premises are true, but the argument is not sound.



In the video above Donald Trump counters Marco Rubio’s statement about his hands and other body parts

Premise 1 – Donald Trump tells the truth

Premise 2 – Because he is truthful he assures us his hands are large and that he is well of with his size

There for – Donald Trump does have a good size penis

The truthfulness of this statement is unknown, if the premises are true then the argument is valid, the argument is not sound