Talons Philosophy

An Open Online Highschool Philosophy Course

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Final Post – Matthew W

 

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Aesthetics Phil’s Day Off

For my Phil’s I got lost in the woods.
To me, an aesthetic experience is anything you consciously feel or experience. Sleeping is not an aesthetic experience for example, but the feeling of comfort and rest in the morning is.
So on the weekend, I went for a walk with my girlfriend in the forest. The trail we took led to a waterfall, and it was great. I could probably use this as my experience but I’d rather talk about the experience of getting lost. On the way back from the falls we began noticing landmarks on the trail that we had not noticed on our walk previously. The doubt was slowly seeded very early on when we noticed bends in the path that we could not recall, and streams that we didn’t notice before. The point that we really figured something was up was when we walked across a train track.  Unfortunately, our situation would not be fixed by turning back as we can already taken a multitude of turns on our path.
It took us forty minutes to get back on track, which could have been worse but the experience was interesting nevertheless. The curve of doubt to fear to relief is very strange. I faked confidence and used humor to defuse the situation of any gravity and attempted to recourse us while hardcore bs’ing. Anyway, we clearly didn’t die and a lesson of keeping track of your location when in a forest was learned.
So in conclusion, it was a negative experience but some good came out of it.

 

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Can Absolute Truth Exist? (Epistemology Final + 3 Posts)

A lot of our knowledge is based upon what we believe to be true, but we’ll never be able to confirm what we believe unless we can prove that what we believe will function the same way every time, unchanging. This a problem many philosophers face, and the lack of any hard, factual unchanging attributes in our universe could potentially undermine our perception of the world. This idea sparked my interest in Justified True Belief versus Truth and the importance of finding Truth.

  • Knowledge is not the ‘purest’ form of information
  • Knowledge is what our self is constructed from
  • Knowledge is not trustworthy

These were my three initial propositions of knowledge, and though I find each topic uninspired interesting in its own right, I found my first and third propositions, knowledge is not trustworthy, and knowledge is not the ‘purest’ form of information to be the most important and valuable, but I’ll get to that later.


The Reading

My reading began with the googling of “Is Absolute Truth obtainable” because why should I think for myself is I can just spew someone else’s argument? The general consensus in all the articles, blogs and discussions was that no, Truth is not obtainable because we as humans have limited perception. The closest we can get is Justified True Belief.


Discussion

I discussed Truth, True Belief and Justified True Belief with Brian, Kyle and Alejandro. We discussed if Truth could be achieved or if Justified True Belief was the limit. We believe that humans can never confirm Truth, because we are limited by our bodies and also the concepts of the universe, like probability.


Active Learning

For my active learning I provided a guitar lesson. I figured that bestowing my knowledge about something as abstract as music would be interesting, and potentially inspiring. A lot of what my student believed to be true was false, or not too close to the truth. She gained knowledge and had her previous beliefs, or her previous knowledge, corrected. This was interesting to me as it could apply to any facet of our lives. Even the most fundamental of concepts could be proven wrong at any point. Paradigm shifts are common place in human history, which just reinforced my belief that Truth is an important goal.


 

Truth with a capital T, the truthiest truth of all truths, is something that cannot be disproved, an unarguable attribute to the universe. Unfortunately for us, our senses limit our knowledge. There are things that we cannot perceive or interpret, such as gravity. We can spectate the effects of gravity on things we can perceive, but not gravity itself, for example. Believing that gravity will pull objects to earth’s center is Justified True Belief as we have documented it happen all the time.

My initial thought of this topic was: “If we can’t really prove anything because our senses are like wishy washy or whatever, then how could we possibly prove something to be True?”
From what I understand, we can’t ever reach Truth, but people way smarter than me have decided that we’ll just have to deal with it and accept certain things as True, as long as the logic behind said things is airtight.
The power of the internet bestowed upon me the concept of an axiom.
An axiom is a statement or concept that is so well proven within it’s own paradigm that it is considered True without questions asked. A simple example of this is that:
A+B = B+A
All this is argued and proven in Alfred North Whitehead’s 1910 publication Principia Mathematica, a two hundred page paper attempting to prove principles of math through logic equations. Yes, this was indeed a paper that tried and successfully confirmed that 1+1 equals 2.

So in conclusion, Truth is unobtainable. We can reach and justify logical conclusions in order to accept something as True, which may not be enough for some, but it is just something we have to accept if we don’t want to live in an endless existential crisis wishing for some unobtainable fact.

 

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Epistemology Reading

My Question: Is Truth obtainable?

My reading was based on a plethora of articles from the internet. I began with the searching of “Is Absolute Truth obtainable” to read as much as could on the subject. The general consensus in all the articles, blogs and discussions was that no, Truth is not obtainable because we as humans have limited perception. The closest we can get to Truth is Justified True Belief.

 

 

 

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Epistemology Active Learning

My Question: Is Truth obtainable?

For my active learning I taught a guitar lesson. I figured that bestowing my knowledge about something as abstract as music would be interesting, and potentially inspiring to my question. A lot of what my student believed to be true about guitar was false. Through my lesson, she had her previous beliefs, or her previous knowledge, corrected. This was interesting to me as it could apply to any facet of our lives. Even the most fundamental of concepts could be proven wrong at any point. Paradigm shifts are common place in human history, which just reinforced my belief that Truth is an important goal.

 

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Epistemology Discussion

My Question: Is Truth obtainable?

I discussed the concepts of Truth, True Belief and Justified True Belief with Brian, Kyle and Alejandro. We discussed whether or not Truth could be achieved or if Justified True Belief was the limit. The discussion was not as helpful as it had been previously, as we all agreed from the beginning that people can never confirm Truth, because we are limited by our bodies and also attributes and concepts of the universe.

 

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Can art be objectively good? – Discussion

I had a fantastic discussion with my group, consisting of William, Brian, Liam, Kyle and Dom.
The discussion worked very well as William and Dom argued that art can be objectively good in some regards, whereas Brian, Liam, Kyle and myself argued that there was no way for art to be universally accepted as good. We decided that although a piece of art can not be defined as good or bad as everyone has different opinions, you can rate the competency of it. A checklist can be used to rate the competency and skill of a piece’s construction.

 

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Can art be objectively good? – Reading

For my reading, I went through The Problem of Objectivity in Art and Historical Interpretation.
The article discussed the idea that no taste is universal, the example being the failure of the golden ratio to apply to everyone. This article made me realize that my question touches on far more concepts than I initially believed. It draws from ideas of formula, identity and personality.
The reading supported my belief that true objectivity does not exist.

 

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Which Starter Pokemon Should You REALLY Choose?

In this incredibly thought provoking video, Kyle Hill argues that Squirtle is in fact the best choice for a starter Pokemon.


Premises:

  • Squirtle has greater offensive capabilities in gym battles over Charmander or Bulbasaur
  • Squirtle has greater defensive capabilities in gym battles over Charmander or Bulbasaur
  • Choosing Squirtle makes the first two gyms easier
  • Squirtle is the chosen starter Pokemon of speed-runners as his move set is very malleable

Conclusion:

Squirtle is the superior starter Pokemon as it is better than the other two in nearly all areas.


Truth, Validity, Soundness:

All premises are factually correct as proven by the numbers and charts provided.
The argument is valid as the premises all support the conclusion.
The argument is sound.

 

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Posty Post Post

I made a post and I feel special

 
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