Talons Philosophy

An Open Online Highschool Philosophy Course


what is aesthetic ?

The Mursi undergo various rites of passage, educational or disciplinary processes. Lip plates are a well known aspect of the Mursi and Surma, who are probably the last groups in Africa amongst whom it is still the norm for women to wear large pottery or wooden discs, or ‘plates,’ in their lower lips. Girls’ lips are pierced at the age of 15 or 16. Occasionally lip plates are worn to a dance by unmarried women, and increasingly they are worn to attract tourists in order to earn some extra money.Similar body ornaments are worn by both sexes of the Suyá people, a Brazilian tribe, and by men among the Kayapo.

-Wikipedia Article; Mursi People





North American

15764287676_c678044593_z (1)


What we typically see as “beautiful” in western civilization, is different compared to what women in Ethiopia feel is beautiful.

perspective determines aesthetics 






Midterm: Knowledge is…


(Please read this little picture above before starting)


Knowledge is the gaining and understanding of information, which provides the opportunity of enlightenment for others.


Knowledge: is a familiarity, awareness or understanding of someone or something…

Understanding: the ability to comprehend something; having insight or good judgment…

Opportunity: set of circumstances that make it possible to do something

Enlightenment: the action of enlightening or the state of being enlightened; insight, awareness, education, learning

With these definitions, you can understand that knowledge provides not only the personal gain of higher thinking, but the ability to see further than what is in front of you; the understanding it provides. Knowledge as supports you with the numerous opportunities to teach and contribute to the general population and provide enlightenment on your own personal knowledge and likewise. With enlightenment comes further insight, awareness of self, and others spiritually, mentally, and physically, and pure allocation of philosophies.


If knowledge is the collection and awareness of information taught, and constantly creates enlightenment for all, then knowledge is purely the human race’s understanding and development of basic concepts.


What is knowledge? How can 7 billion people equally define knowledge? I find the term is used very loosely in every day speak, but what is the true root of knowledge? Most people will define knowledge is something you have, an incorporeal state of mind that only belongs within the physical depths of our brain. Although, a very good description of what and where knowledge lays, it doesn’t truly define what knowledge is physically. Knowledge can be expressed, challenged, and defined in a million and one different ways. Knowledge is infinite and is expressed through our personal opinion; every ‘definition’ of knowledge is similar yet completely based on personal values, opinions, etc. and thus always slightly different in definition. My personal thesis on knowledge is that it is the gaining and understanding of information, which provides the opportunity of enlightenment towards others. To break it down, knowledge is the information, the base concepts and theories of all human information ever collected, and the understanding of these. Obviously, it’s impossible to ever gather and successfully reiterate every single subject, concept, or theory ever created, but it’s possible to understand and analyze base concepts. For example, what is taught in school. With this information, whatever it may be, you as a person, have the ability to comprehend but master these concepts. With this mastery, you can not only understand and expand your depth of knowledge, but teach others what you know as well. Knowledge provides the power to create, teach, and inevitably rely on the basics of understanding. Not only can the understanding on concepts allow us to go further than what we have been taught, but also provide opportunities for others to exceed what we understand and know. To prove my thesis, we can use Archimedes principle of buoyancy. Archimedes states “that the weight of the object is reduced by its volume multiplied by the density of the fluid. If the weight of the object is less than this displaces quantity, the object floats; if more, it sinks.” Archimedes came up with this concept roughly in 250 BC, as well as many other basic mathematic concepts that we still use today in our teachings. However, many people have since expanded upon his theories and we now apply lots of the expanded knowledge to teach us more about the world of mathematics and how it can help us. There have been many mathematicians, scientists, and philosophers who have shaped and provided today’s world with a plethora of knowledge. It’s these concepts that we use today all throughout every generations education to teach, guide, and give the opportunity to expand on everything mastered and sustain the wealth of knowledge that is constantly flowing our way. Knowledge provides understanding, enlightenment, and sustainability for the constant expansion of perception.



Start the waterworks ladies, I made a Fault in Our Stars reference

When thinking about the concept of nothing, many people’s first thought is “well, nothing is just nothing. That nothing is non-existent.” Nothing is stated as “the state of being nothing, the state of nonexistence of anything, or the property of having nothing.” However if you put “nothing” into physical terms, it doesn’t quite correlate with the true concept of itself. Physically, there can never be nothing. It’s hard to think that something is universal, that infinity is a true concept. To help me explain this “infinity” nonsense that i’m spewing out to you all, i’m going to bring the help of Mr. John Green.

(Warning this may contain a slight spoiler)

In John Green’s novel, The Fault in Our Stars, his character Hazel Grace, writes a eulogy for her boyfriend – Augustus Waters. In this eulogy, she defines infinity and what it is, very well.

“There is an infinite between 0 and 1. There’s .1 and .12 and .112 and an infinite collection of others. Of course there is a bigger infinite set of numbers between 0 and 2, or between 0 and a million. Some infinities are bigger than other infinities.”

Infinities are something that are alive and well, but very hard to visualize. It’s hard to imagine a world beyond space, that there are things smaller than quarks (what protons and neutrons are made of). That everything we know, that has been proven, could possibly, and infinitely be expanded. That is why nothing can never be nothing. Nothing is ALWAYS something! Nothing cannot truly exist until humans can prove that we have completely expanded and exhausted every single piece of knowledge.

*To be expanded upon further comments*


nothing 3(but there is something to do here, right?)



The Almighty Google and a Tidbit on Whales

wittgensteinWhen starting to think about “what is philosophy”, I found myself pulling up the Google webpage and searching exactly that. What I found was a solid definition stating that “Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.” After reading this definition, I still found that it had changed nothing about the concept of philosophy for me. So I searched a bit deeper and come across another more casual definition. “Philosophy can refer to the most basic beliefs, concepts, and attitudes of an individual or group”. Now here is a definition I can talk a little bit more about. Now this is a definition that I can actually picture in my mind. It helped me imagine and think about my basic beliefs, concepts, and attitudes as an individual. I believe that everyone has a purpose on this planet physically and mentally. I believe that I, as an individual will lead my own path based off of my decisions, values, and ambitions in life. With this definition to go off, the wheels started turning in my head. I started to truly recognize what philosophy was to me. Are you ready?

Philosophy is like a collection of books, each with different ideas, storylines, and dialogue. However when you bring all of these novels together you get an enriching plethora of knowledge, reasoning, and arguments. Philosophy is whatever people want it to be, whether it’s talking about whales (and yes, I just had to fit whales somewhere in this talk), or what is the meaning of life. It’s all relevant and important in terms of philosophy. When you talk about a thought with someone, for example; “why not just weigh the fish?” you can talk and talk and bring your own ideas to the table, your own beliefs, concepts, and attitudes on the subject. That is what philosophy is all about, bringing your ideas to the table and saying “why not this? This is what I believe.” Philosophy is the organic breaking down of a subject influenced by your own beliefs, concepts, and attitudes.