Talons Philosophy

An Open Online Highschool Philosophy Course


Metaphysics of Art (first post)

I plan to investigate the different philosophies on art and what previous philosophers considered art to be. Besides the obvious need to be aesthetically pleasing, if there something else that art contains that is different than just a pretty picture.


I have discovered that there is a known difference between a piece of art and a work of art. In the eyes of many famous philosophers of the past, true Art is something that unifies our collective consciousnesses and places us in  a higher realm. This area we are brought to is where we find understanding and see things differently than we have ever seen them before.Image result for starry night

I chose this topic because whenever I go to places like the art gallery or even the art room at my school, I wonder why some people get famous and why other people don’t. I find it interesting that someone like Emily Carr who is so well known and has one of the most respected Art Universities in  the lower mainlands named after her, and what made her art so special. I have seen some of her work and when I look at it I feel like it is something that one of my classmates could make but there is still something special about it. I think this is why these questions are so important, it is so that we can understand our feelings when we view something beautiful and how this may change our lives.

This is an important topic because I think that it is something that a lot of people have asked but the answer is not always so clear. It raises many questions about if art even has to be aesthetically pleasing to make it true art and if the philosophy of art is separate from aesthetics. I think that this would not be ppainting 1ossible in most cases but im sure there are instances where a work of art is beautiful and speaks to many people but it is not beautiful in the visual way, perhaps that is where aesthetics does not come into play. I think this also raises questions about how we can calculate and understand the reactions and emotions that people around the world may have. When one person or even one group of like minded people look at a work of art and agree that it is something more than it appears to be and that it allows oneself to see the true meaning of the picture, then who is to say that this will be understood globally. There is always going to be a certain margin of subjectiveness to art and I think the way people try to understand it is by making philosophical theories and trying to categorize different aspects of art with words like elements and form






Vegans Are Changing The World One Veggie At A Time

Our planet continues to follow a trend of climate change around the globe with not enough being done to slow it down. Some
people are trying their best to drive more fuel efficent cars, use low wattage bulbs and save water, but there is a better more efficent way to help our planet. Going vegan has been proven to reduce your carbon footprint by %41.7 compared to meat eaters. 51% of our greenhouse-gas emmisions are contributed by animal agriculture in the forms of carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide.

In this article by PETA, a logical argument is presented on the benefits of being a vegan in todays world and how this is lowering our energy use. This can all be broken down into the following premises and conclusion:

Premise 1: Greenhouse gases are a leading cause of climate change

Premise 2: A major source of greenhouse gasses are animals raised as livestock

Conclusion: Therfore people converting to veganism would make a large impact on stopping climate change

Now that we have the premises for PETAs vegan argument we can analyze its factual correctness:

  • Premise 1: This is agreed upon by scientists around the word. There are some facts that people do not agree upon though such as wether or not the world is actually heating up because they claim that there are also places in the world that are becoming much cooler. Over all this fact is true unless you refuse to believe the hundreds mof studys and organizations and instead look at the couple sources that believe it is a hoax.
  • Premise 2: This premise is true due the overwhelming facts showing about the causes of greenhouse gas emiisons such as CO2 and methane which are largely to be help responsible. The fact that most of these gas emmisions are released by animal agriculture is because of the way that livestock is produced in our times. There is the carbon released into the atmosphere from clear cutting and burning down of forests for feed for livestock, as well as the water used for this feed. Then there is the energy used to process and transport the feed to the animals. Afterwards the food is fed to the animals and methane is released during and after difestion in form of released gas and feces. It takes a considerable amount of water to keep an animal alive as well. After the animal is slaughtered there is energy used in the transportation and packaging of the meat as well untill it lands on your plate.
  • Conclusion: Is valid due to the fact that we have considered premise one and two to be correct in the most rational sensesm and that they follow in a sequential form that leads to the conclusion.

I would say that this argument is also sound because the premises are factually correct leading to a valid argument.

The whole point of this argument is not to shun anybody who eats meat, instead I am hoping that more people will understand the reasons for veganism and vegetarianism. I personally have not gone as far as to be completely vegan but i have come to understand that there are many ways that we can try to make an impact in our daily lives and leaving meat out of your day makes a difference. There are many reasons for people to become vegans (fitness, animal right) as well as environmental reasons but I personally have tried to make this change in my life because of the environment. The reasons being that how animal agriculture is damaging our planet is fact and not opinion. You can have an opinion on wether or not an animals life is worse being raised for slaughter or living free on a farm or if a vegan diet is really going to make you lose more weight compared to a paleo diet or a low carb diet, but you would have to try really hard to say that raising livestock does not hurt the environment.

Here is more information about this topic and converting to veganism :))


Oh yeah also I get enough protein!! With out all the added fat and cholestoral!