Talons Philosophy

An Open Online Highschool Philosophy Course


Human, all too Human (BBC Documentary on Sartre, Heidegger, & Nietzsche)

From the good folks at the Open Culture blog:

Human, All Too Human” is a three-hour BBC series from 1999, about the lives and work of Friedrich NietzscheMartin Heidegger, and Jean-Paul Sartre.The filmmakers focus heavily on politics and historical context — the Heidegger hour, for example, focuses almost exclusively on his troubling relationship with Nazism.

Beyond Good and Evil, Frederick Nietzsche

Human, All too Human, Martin Heide






Nietzsche is my spirit animal

How has my view on philosophy changed? I wouldn’t say it’s changed so much as it’s been refined and expanded somewhat. I had my basic views on things but learning about different schools of philosophy, different philosophers and their views has definitely helped me refine my thoughts on things.

Nietzsche is definitely my main inspiration on things philosophical, i agree wholeheartedly on his views on morality wherein he essentially believes that the whole concept of morality is foolish and unnecessary and that people should focus more on what’s beneficial/detrimental as opposed to antiquated and melodramatic notions of good and evil. His views on aesthetics and the ubermensch in which he basically believes that we should be the best person we possibly can be, i find inspirational. I find his views on metaphysics and epistemology interesting, the eternal recurrence which i talked about in my metaphysics post and on affirmation in which he essentially states that if we exist right here right now and we acknowledge that then we must also acknowledge everything else in existence that led to us existing.

“If we affirm one single moment, we thus affirm not only ourselves but all existence. For nothing is self-sufficient, neither in us ourselves nor in things; and if our soul has trembled with happiness and sounded like a harp string just once, all eternity was needed to produce this one event—and in this single moment of affirmation all eternity was called good, redeemed, justified, and affirmed.”

But though I find these thoughts interesting I’m not sure I really agree With his views on epistemology, i find myself more solipsistic in that regard.

I find Immanuel Kant’s views on the categorical imperative to be arbitrarily dogmatic and frankly absurd. Who is to set the standard for what is “good” and what is “evil” and who is to decide what one’s “duty is?

in conclusion, I would consider myself Ethically Nietzschian, epistemologically solipsistic, aesthetically hedonistic, and metaphysically uncertain.



the eternal recurrence and free will

Nietzsche’s idea of the eternal recurrence essentially states that if the universe and time are infinite then every event that could ever happen will happen again and again and again infinitely. Every conversation you’ve ever had, Every book you’ve read, Every movie you’ve watched, even reading this post right now, has potentially happened before an infinite amount of times and will Happen again an infinite amount of times. You will be born and you will die again and again forever and ever, though you won’t remember it.

If the universe did start in the big bang as is commonly believed, then every speck of matter flew out in every direction in just the right trajectory that stars and planets formed, the earth formed in just the right way to show life. If that trajectory wasn’t exactly the way it was then none of us would be here. And if the universe is going to end in the big crunch as is commonly believed then every bit of matter is going to return to an infinitely small and infinitely dense location in a gravitational singularity, basically the universe is a giant exploding and imploding black hole.

So if this is true then how do we know the universe hasn’t done this before? Hasn’t expanded and contacted before an infinite amount of times? And how do we know it won’t do so again an infinite amount of times? For if it does, And every bit of matter goes in the same direction then every thing Will Happen in the exact same way over and over again and we will just be reliving the same events over and over. Even if every bit of matter went in a slightly different direction each time, If it hastened an infinite amount of times then statistically every possible universe will repeat an infinite amount of times.

So what does this say for the concept of free will? If we believe that every action and thought and decision is a chemical reaction in the brain then the concept of free will is absurd. so then one might posit the question, what’s the point of anything? If our destinies are pre-determined and there’s nothing we can do to change anything, And if we’re just going to relive our lives over and over then what’s the point? But i would say, even if this is true, what’s changed? We don’t remember our past lives and we can’t see the future, so even if we are simply moving along our pre-determined paths that we’ve traveled an infinite amount of times, it’s still a new experience to us and our lives go on as before, as our stories unravel before our eyes.



Small collection of Nietzsche’s work..